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The new 1-phenyl-5-(1 H-pyrrol-1-yl)pyrazole-3-carboxamides were compared with the reference compounds AM251 and SR144528 for cannabinoid hCB 1 and hCB 2 receptor affinity. Compounds bearing 2,4-dichlorophenyl or 2,4-difluorophenyl groups at position 1 and 2,5-dimethylpyrrole moiety at position 5 of the pyrazole nucleus were generally more selective for hCB(More)
Fibroblast growth factors (FGFs) are members of a family of polypeptides synthesized by a variety of cell types during the processes of embryonic development and in adult tissues. FGFs have been detected in normal and malignant cells and show a biological profile that includes mitogenic and angiogenic activity with a consequent crucial role in cell(More)
In this study, the specific contribution of polyamine oxidase (PAO), a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-producing enzyme, to the oxidative burst induced in maize mesocotyl by the phosphatase inhibitor cantharidin was examined. For this purpose, a pharmacological approach was applied using, either in vitro or in vivo, two strong inhibitors of maize PAO (MPAO),(More)
Maize polyamine oxidase (MPAO), the only member of the polyamine oxidase (PAO) family whose three-dimensional structure is known, is characterized by a 30 A long U-shaped catalytic tunnel located between the substrate binding domain and the FAD. To shed light on the MPAO ligand binding mode, we studied the inhibition properties of linear diamines, agmatine,(More)
A series of new pyridazin-3(2H)-one derivatives (3 and 4) were evaluated for their in vitro affinity toward both alpha(1)- and alpha(2)-adrenoceptors by radioligand receptor binding assays. All target compounds showed good affinities for the alpha(1)-adrenoceptor, with K(i) values in the low nanomolar range. The polymethylene chain constituting the spacer(More)
Hsp90 continues to be an important target for pharmaceutical discovery. In this project, virtual screening (VS) for novel Hsp90 inhibitors was performed using a combination of Autodock and Surflex-Sim (LB) scoring functions with the predictive ability of 3-D QSAR models, previously generated with the 3-D QSAutogrid/R procedure. Extensive validation of both(More)
Caracasanamide, one of the hypotensive agents isolated from Verbesina caracasana, is a mixture of (Z)-1a and (E)-1b forms of 1-[(3,4-dimethoxycinnamoyl)amino]-4- [(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-guanidino]butane. The structure of (E)-caracasanamide (1b) was confirmed by high-yielding synthesis starting from N,N'-bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-S-methylisothiourea. The(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of the GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, and positive allosteric modulator, GS39783, has been repeatedly reported to suppress multiple alcohol-related behaviors, including operant oral alcohol self-administration, in rats. This study was designed to compare the effect of baclofen and GS39783 on alcohol self-administration in 3(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate (a) alcohol self-administration behavior of selectively bred, Sardinian alcohol-preferring (sP) rats exposed to the so-called "sipper" procedure (characterized by the temporal separation between alcohol-seeking and -taking phases), and (b) the effect of the positive allosteric modulator of the GABA(B) receptor,(More)