Learn More
Caracasanamide, one of the hypotensive agents isolated from Verbesina caracasana, is a mixture of (Z)-1a and (E)-1b forms of 1-[(3,4-dimethoxycinnamoyl)amino]-4- [(3-methyl-2-butenyl)-guanidino]butane. The structure of (E)-caracasanamide (1b) was confirmed by high-yielding synthesis starting from N,N'-bis(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-S-methylisothiourea. The(More)
The new 1-phenyl-5-(1 H-pyrrol-1-yl)pyrazole-3-carboxamides were compared with the reference compounds AM251 and SR144528 for cannabinoid hCB 1 and hCB 2 receptor affinity. Compounds bearing 2,4-dichlorophenyl or 2,4-difluorophenyl groups at position 1 and 2,5-dimethylpyrrole moiety at position 5 of the pyrazole nucleus were generally more selective for hCB(More)
BACKGROUND Administration of the GABA(B) receptor agonist, baclofen, and positive allosteric modulator, GS39783, has been repeatedly reported to suppress multiple alcohol-related behaviors, including operant oral alcohol self-administration, in rats. This study was designed to compare the effect of baclofen and GS39783 on alcohol self-administration in 3(More)
In this study, the specific contribution of polyamine oxidase (PAO), a hydrogen peroxide (H2O2)-producing enzyme, to the oxidative burst induced in maize mesocotyl by the phosphatase inhibitor cantharidin was examined. For this purpose, a pharmacological approach was applied using, either in vitro or in vivo, two strong inhibitors of maize PAO (MPAO),(More)
The potential efficacy of GABA(B) receptor agonists in the treatment of pain, drug addiction, epilepsy, cognitive dysfunctions, and anxiety disorders is supported by extensive preclinical and clinical evidence. However, the numerous side effects produced by the GABA(B) receptor agonist baclofen considerably limit the therapeutic use of this compound. The(More)
Tackykinins are involved in the inflammatory process of a large number of diseases. The role of the tachykinins in ischemic brain injury was evaluated by the serum levels of Substance P (SP), one of the most known tachykinins and detected by a competitive enzyme immunoassay. The study was performed in 15 human females and 3 human males with typical(More)
A number of aroylpyrroleacrylic acid derivatives were synthesized by standard procedures and evaluated for cytotoxicity in Vero cells and for capacity to inhibit the multiplication of viruses, bacteria, and fungi. While none of the test compounds showed any activity against bacteria and fungi, most of them inhibited the replication of some DNA viruses at(More)
The present study was designed to evaluate (a) alcohol self-administration behavior of selectively bred, Sardinian alcohol-preferring (sP) rats exposed to the so-called "sipper" procedure (characterized by the temporal separation between alcohol-seeking and -taking phases), and (b) the effect of the positive allosteric modulator of the GABA(B) receptor,(More)
Recent studies demonstrated that activation of the GABA(B) receptor, either by means of orthosteric agonists or positive allosteric modulators (PAMs), inhibited different nicotine-related behaviors, including intravenous self-administration and conditioned place preference, in rodents. The present study investigated whether the anti-nicotine effects of the(More)
Two recently reported hit compounds, COR627 and COR628, underpinned the development of a series of 2-(acylamino)thiophene derivatives. Some of these compounds displayed significant activity in vitro as positive allosteric modulators of the GABAB receptor by potentiating GTPγS stimulation induced by GABA at 2.5 and 25 μM while failing to exhibit intrinsic(More)