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BACKGROUND Vinorelbine prolongs survival and improves quality of life in elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Some studies have also suggested that gemcitabine is well tolerated and effective in such patients. We compared the effectiveness and toxicity of the combination of vinorelbine plus gemcitabine with those of each drug(More)
BACKGROUND Chemotherapy is the standard treatment for advanced non-small-cell lung cancer, and myelosuppression is a common side-effect. We aimed to assess whether haematological toxic effects could be a biological measure of drug activity and a marker of efficacy. METHODS We analysed data for 1265 patients who received chemotherapy (vinorelbine,(More)
PURPOSE To study the prognostic value for overall survival of baseline assessment of functional status, comorbidity, and quality of life (QoL) in elderly patients with advanced non-small-cell lung cancer treated with chemotherapy. PATIENTS AND METHODS Data from 566 patients enrolled onto the phase III randomized Multicenter Italian Lung Cancer in the(More)
BACKGROUND Well-differentiated neuroendocrine carcinomas are highly vascularized and may be sensitive to drugs administered on a metronomic schedule that has shown antiangiogenic properties. A phase II study was designed to test the activity of protracted 5-fluorouracil (5FU) infusion plus long-acting release (LAR) octreotide in patients with neuroendocrine(More)
BACKGROUND The steroidal aromatase inactivator exemestane has demonstrated activity after prior failure of non-steroidal aromatase inhibitors (including third-generation inhibitors letrozole and anastrozole) in postmenopausal women with advanced breast cancer. If exemestane is used as first anti-aromatase agent, however, it is unclear whether patients can(More)
PURPOSE To investigate the value of the addition of either cisplatin (CDDP) or lonidamine (LND) to epirubicin (EPI) in the first-line treatment of advanced breast cancer. PATIENTS AND METHODS Three hundred seventy-one metastatic breast cancer patients with no prior systemic chemotherapy for advanced disease were randomized to receive either EPI alone (60(More)
Tumor response to first-line chemotherapy in advanced breast cancer offers prognostic information and may be used as a surrogate marker for evaluating treatment efficacy. With this study we wanted to determine whether changes in circulating serum CA 15-3 levels during chemotherapy provided additional information for prognostic prediction. Serum CA 15-3 was(More)
Polyethylene glycol-coated (pegylated) liposomal doxorubicin (PLD) is a new formulation of doxorubicin with peculiar pharmacokinetic and pharmacodinamic properties, a favorable toxic profile and a demonstrated activity in solid tumors. We tested PLD in locally advanced or metastatic NSCLC patients, progressed after a platinum-based first-line chemotherapy.(More)
OBJECTIVES Data supporting the prognostic role of chemotherapy induced haematological toxicity suggest that toxicity-adjusted-dosing (TAD) of chemotherapy might improve treatment efficacy. We tested whether TAD of the cisplatin-etoposide combination might improve the response rate, in previously untreated extensive stage disease (ED)-SCLC patients, as(More)
The study was designed to compare an anthracycline-containing regimen to a regimen combining both anthracycline and paclitaxel as adjuvant therapy for high-risk breast cancer patients. In this multicenter, randomized phase-III trial, node-positive early breast cancer patients were randomly assigned to receive either 6 cycles of FEC (5-fluorouracil 600(More)