Federico C Soriguer

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BACKGROUND A recent study using a rat model found significant differences at the time of diabetes onset in the bacterial communities responsible for type 1 diabetes modulation. We hypothesized that type 1 diabetes in humans could also be linked to a specific gut microbiota. Our aim was to quantify and evaluate the difference in the composition of gut(More)
SUMMARY The main objective was to evaluate the association between SNPs and haplotypes of the FABP1-4 genes and type 2 diabetes, as well as its interaction with fat intake, in one general Spanish population. The association was replicated in a second population in which HOMA index was also evaluated. METHODS 1217 unrelated individuals were selected from a(More)
BACKGROUND Prospective longitudinal studies evaluating the relevance of "Metabolically Healthy but Obese" (MHO) phenotype at risk for type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2D) and cardiovascular diseases are few and results are contradictory. METHODS As a representative of the general population, 1051 individuals were evaluated in 1997-1998 and re-evaluated after 6(More)
Type 2 diabetes has been catalogued as the epidemic of the 21st Century, both because of its increasing magnitude and its impact on cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death in developed countries. This review analyses the evolution of the prevalence of diabetes in Spain over recent years, based on various cross-sectional studies. This study shows(More)
CONTEXT The association between thyroid function during pregnancy and the later mental and psychomotor development of the child is supported by numerous experimental, clinical, and epidemiological studies. OBJECTIVE The aim of the study was to evaluate the psychological development of infants aged 3 to 18 months whose mothers had received 300 microg of(More)
Glucokinase (GK) is a glycolytic key enzyme that functions as a glucose sensor in the pancreatic beta-cell, where it governs glucose-stimulated insulin secretion (GSIS). Heterozygous inactivating mutations in the glucokinase gene (GCK) cause a mild form of diabetes (maturity-onset diabetes of the young [MODY]2), and activating mutations have been associated(More)
The association between iodine deficiency and poor mental and psychomotor development is known. However, most studies were undertaken in areas of very low iodine intake. We investigated whether a similar association is found in schoolchildren from southern Europe with a median urinary iodine output of 90 microg/liter. Urinary iodine levels were measured in(More)
BACKGROUND The intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (FABP2) is involved in the intracellular transport and metabolism of fatty acids and may affect insulin sensitivity and glucose metabolism. OBJECTIVE The objective was to study the effect of interaction between the Ala54Thr polymorphism of the FABP2 gene (FABP2) and the type of dietary cooking oil used(More)
BACKGROUND Obesity is often associated with hyper-secrection of insulin. Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) has recently been redefined as a fasting plasma glucose of 5.6-6.9 mmol/L. The aim of this study was to determine whether changes in insulin secretion in morbidly obese persons also commence with normal serum glucose levels. METHODS 32 morbidly obese(More)
BACKGROUND The family kitchen resembles an uncontrolled laboratory experiment, and some discrepancies in the relation between the risk of hypertension and dietary fat may be partly due to the manipulation to which the fats were subjected. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether deterioration in the quality of the cooking oils in the family household contributes(More)