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BACKGROUND An artificial pancreas (AP) that can be worn at home from dinner to waking up in the morning might be safe and efficient for first routine use in patients with type 1 diabetes. We assessed the effect on glucose control with use of an AP during the evening and night plus patient-managed sensor-augmented pump therapy (SAP) during the day, versus 24(More)
AIMS To test in an outpatient setting the safety and efficacy of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) driven by a modular model predictive control (MMPC) algorithm informed by continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) measurement. METHODS 13 patients affected by type 1 diabetes participated to a non-randomized outpatient 42-h experiment that included(More)
OBJECTIVE After testing of a wearable artificial pancreas (AP) during evening and night (E/N-AP) under free-living conditions in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D), we investigated AP during day and night (D/N-AP) for 1 month. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty adult patients with T1D who completed a previous randomized crossover study comparing 2-month(More)
OBJECTIVE We estimate the effect size of hypoglycemia risk reduction on closed-loop control (CLC) versus open-loop (OL) sensor-augmented insulin pump therapy in supervised outpatient setting. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS Twenty patients with type 1 diabetes initiated the study at the Universities of Virginia, Padova, and Montpellier and Sansum Diabetes(More)
AIMS To assess the accuracy and reliability of the two most widely used continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems. METHODS We studied the Dexcom®G4 Platinum (DG4P; Dexcom, San Diego, CA, USA) and Medtronic Paradigm Veo Enlite system (ENL; Medtronic, Northridge, CA, USA) CGM systems, in 24 patients with type 1 diabetes. The CGM systems were tested during(More)
BACKGROUND Studies of closed-loop control (CLC) systems have improved glucose levels in patients with type 1 diabetes. In this study we test a new CLC concept aiming to "reset" the patient overnight to near-normoglycemia each morning, for several consecutive nights. SUBJECTS AND METHODS Ten insulin pump users with type 1 diabetes (mean age, 46.4±8.5(More)
BACKGROUND In the postprandial state, insulin regulates metabolic and cardiovascular responses. In insulin resistance, the insulin action is impaired at both levels. However, postprandial hemodynamic responses are poorly characterized in this setting. OBJECTIVE We investigated fasting and postprandial cardiac and vascular hemodynamic responses in subjects(More)
The metabolic syndrome (MS), a predisposing condition for cardiovascular disease, presents disturbances in hemodynamics; impedance cardiography (ICG) can assess these alterations. In subjects with MS, the morphology of the pulses present in the ICG time series is more irregular/complex than in normal subjects. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to(More)
Type 2 diabetes (T2D) is characterized by impaired vascular regeneration owing to reduced endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs). While statins are known to increase EPCs, the effects of statin withdrawal on EPCs are unknown. Herein, we evaluated the effects of statin discontinuation on EPCs, inflammation and in vivo angiogenesis. Thirty-four T2D patients were(More)
OBJECTIVE The Pediatric Artificial Pancreas (PedArPan) project tested a children-specific version of the modular model predictive control (MMPC) algorithm in 5- to 9-year-old children during a camp. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS A total of 30 children, 5- to 9-years old, with type 1 diabetes completed an outpatient, open-label, randomized, crossover trial.(More)