Federico Bordi

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Metabotropic glutamate receptor 1 (mGluR1) is a member of a large family of G-protein-coupled glutamate receptors, the physiological functions of which are largely unknown. Mice deficient in mGluR1 have severe motor coordination and spatial learning deficits. They have no gross anatomical or basic electrophysiological abnormalities in either the cerebellum(More)
Glutamate is the major excitatory neurotransmitter in the brain and plays a unique role in a variety of central nervous system (CNS) functions. The discovery of the metabotropic receptors (mGluRs), a family of G-protein coupled receptors than can be activated by glutamate, has led to an impressive number of studies in recent years aimed at understanding(More)
The specific metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR)5 agonist (RS)-2-chloro-5-hydroxyphenylglycine (CHPG) is able to potentiate NMDA and AMPA responses recorded from ventral roots of the isolated hemisected baby rat spinal cord. Previously we have demonstrated that activation of group I mGluRs (mGluR1 and mGluR5) with the broad spectrum mGluR agonist(More)
The effects of the metabotropic glutamate receptor antagonist (+)-alpha-methyl-4-carboxyphenylglycine (MCPG) on performance in a water maze and in context-specific associative learning were examined in rats previously implanted with cannulae. MCPG (20.8 micrograms) injected intraventricularly (i.c.v.) before testing impaired the performance of rats in the(More)
Electrode polarization effects in dielectric spectra of highly conductive biological cell suspensions cause a severe difficulty in the estimation of dielectric parameters of cells under physiological conditions. This problem becomes particularly serious with the increase of the electrical conductivity of the sample, preventing the use of low frequencies in(More)
The neuroprotective activity of the novel, selective glycine antagonist GV150526 was assessed in the middle artery occlusion (MCAo) model of focal ischemia. Postischemia administration of GV150526 (3 mg/kg i.v.) up to 6 h post-MCAo resulted in a significant reduction of the infarct volume measured histologically 24 h later. The neuronal protection by(More)
Application of the metabotropic glutamate receptor (mGluR) agonist (1S,3R)-1-aminocyclopentane-1,3-dicarboxylic acid (1S,3R-ACPD) and the Group I selective mGluR agonist (RS)-3,5-dihydroxyphenylglycine (DHPG) potentiated NMDA- and AMPA-induced potential changes recorded from ventral roots of the isolated hemisected baby rat spinal cord. Potentiation(More)
NMDA-type glutamate receptors are involved in the generation and maintenance of altered pain states. In the present study, we examined the effect of an NMDA-glycine site antagonist, GV196771A [E-4, 6-dichloro-3-(2-oxo-1-phenyl-pyrrolidin-3-ylidenemethyl)-1H- indole-2- carboxylic acid sodium salt], on responses to noxious stimuli both in normal rats and(More)
The effect of the mGluR(5) antagonist, MPEP (2-Methyl-6-(phenylethynyl)-pyridine), and of the mGluR(1) antagonist, AIDA((RS)-1-Aminoindan-1,5-dicarboxylic acid), were examined on nociceptive neurons in the ventroposterolateral (VPL) nucleus of the thalamus in response to pressure stimuli to the contralateral hindpaw of rats under urethane anesthesia.(More)
The characteristics of human prostasomal vesicles have been investigated by three methods, namely, dynamic light scattering, transfer of a lipophylic fluorescent dye (R18), and electron microscope appearance. The vesicle preparations were stable for a long time and their diameters were in the range of 200 nm. The exposure to acidic pH values (about 5)(More)