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It is unclear if avoiding hyperglycemia during intensive care after acute brain injury improves morbidity, mortality, and neurologic outcome. This prospective randomized trial tested whether intensive insulin therapy affected infection rates, vasospasm, mortality, or long-term neurologic outcome in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients during their intensive(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive insulin therapy to maintain blood glucose at or below 6.11 mM reduces morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery and morbidity in medical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The authors investigated the clinical safety and outcome effects of intensive insulin therapy compared to conventional insulin therapy in patients receiving(More)
Awake craniotomy is the technique of choice in patients with brain tumours adjacent to primary and accessory language areas (Broca's and Wernicke's areas). Language testing should be aimed to detect preoperative deficits, to promptly identify the occurrence of new intraoperative impairments and to establish the course of postoperative language status. Aim(More)
Alzheimer's disease (AD), a chronic and progressive deterioration of memory and other cognitive domains, is the most common form of dementia. Because of related health and social impact, there is growing interest in assessing potential relationship between anesthesia and the onset and progression of chronic neurodegenerative disorders, including AD.(More)
Intensive research investigating the relation between the management of glycemia and outcome in patients receiving neurocritical care has underlined the possible benefits and adverse events related to glucose control. Here, we review experimental and clinical studies investigating the effects of hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia on the brain that advance(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES In patients undergoing neuraxial anesthesia, heat loss and core-to-peripheral redistribution of body heat causes the core temperature to decrease. The shivering threshold is therefore reached soon, and more shivering is required to prevent further hypothermia. Because shivering has deleterious metabolic and cardiovascular effects,(More)
PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review focuses on recent findings in perioperative management of blood glucose control using intensive insulin therapy in neurosurgical and neurocritical care and in other intensive care unit patients. We also aim to address practical issues and make recommendations that may contribute to the safe clinical application of intensive(More)
Patient safety is an issue of imminent concern in the high-risk field of medicine, and systematic changes that alter the way medical professionals approach patient care are needed. Simulation-based training (SBT) is an exemplary solution for addressing the dynamic medical environment of today. Grounded in methodologies developed by the aviation industry,(More)
INTRODUCTION Traumatic brain injury (TBI) is a major cause of death and disability worldwide. The deleterious effects of secondary brain injury may be attenuated by early pharmacological therapy in the emergency room and intensive care unit (ICU). Current medical management of acute TBI is primarily supportive, aimed at reducing intracranial pressure (ICP)(More)
We evaluated the haemodynamic and metabolic effects of prevention of shivering after prophylactic nefopam administration in neurosurgical patients undergoing craniotomy and mild systemic hypothermia (33-35 degrees C). Forty patients were enrolled in a randomised, double-blind study. Before extubation, patients received intravenously either nefopam 0.12(More)