Federico Bilotta

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INTRODUCTION To investigate the risks and possible benefits of routine versus intensive insulin therapy, assessed by the frequency of hypoglycemic events defined as a glucose concentration less than 80 mg/dl (<4.44 mmol/l) in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU) after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI). METHODS AND RESULTS Ninety-seven(More)
It is unclear if avoiding hyperglycemia during intensive care after acute brain injury improves morbidity, mortality, and neurologic outcome. This prospective randomized trial tested whether intensive insulin therapy affected infection rates, vasospasm, mortality, or long-term neurologic outcome in subarachnoid hemorrhage patients during their intensive(More)
BACKGROUND Intensive insulin therapy to maintain blood glucose at or below 6.11 mM reduces morbidity and mortality after cardiac surgery and morbidity in medical intensive care unit (ICU) patients. The authors investigated the clinical safety and outcome effects of intensive insulin therapy compared to conventional insulin therapy in patients receiving(More)
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE This study was designed to evaluate early postoperative cognitive recovery after total intravenous anaesthesia with remifentanil-propofol or sufentanil-propofol in patients undergoing craniotomy for supratentorial expanding lesions. METHODS Sixty patients were consecutively enrolled, and randomly assigned to one of two study(More)
BACKGROUND Postoperative delirium can result in increased postoperative morbidity and mortality, major demand for postoperative care and higher hospital costs. Hypnotics serve to induce and maintain anaesthesia and to abolish patients' consciousness. Their persisting clinical action can delay postoperative cognitive recovery and favour postoperative(More)
The purpose of this guideline is to present evidence-based and consensus-based recommendations for the prevention and treatment of postoperative delirium. The cornerstones of the guideline are the preoperative identification and handling of patients at risk, adequate intraoperative care, postoperative detection of delirium and management of delirious(More)
Myocardial contrast echocardiography (intracoronary application) has emerged as an accurate method to detect the "no-reflow phenomenon." To investigate the diagnostic value of harmonic angiography after intravenous infusion of Levovist in assessing "no-reflow," both intracoronary and intravenous contrast injections were performed in a group of patients with(More)
Awake craniotomy is the technique of choice in patients with brain tumours adjacent to primary and accessory language areas (Broca's and Wernicke's areas). Language testing should be aimed to detect preoperative deficits, to promptly identify the occurrence of new intraoperative impairments and to establish the course of postoperative language status. Aim(More)
BACKGROUND The pathogenesis of posterior papillary muscle dysfunction is poorly understood. We hypothesized that papillary muscle perfusion pattern may explain the higher prevalence of posterior papillary muscle dysfunction after myocardial infarction. METHODS AND RESULTS Twenty patients were monitored by transesophageal echocardiography during coronary(More)
Perioperative cerebral damage may be associated with surgery and anaesthesia. Pharmacological perioperative neuroprotection is associated with conflicting results. In this qualitative review of randomized controlled clinical trials on perioperative pharmacological brain neuroprotection, we report the effects of tested therapies on new postoperative(More)