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Virtually every mammalian cell contains mitochondria. These double-membrane organelles continuously change shape and position and contain the complete metabolic machinery for the oxidative conversion of pyruvate, fatty acids, and amino acids into ATP. Mitochondria are crucially involved in cellular Ca2+ and redox homeostasis and apoptosis induction.(More)
Loss-of-function mutations in the gene encoding the mitochondrial PTEN-induced putative kinase 1 (PINK1) are a major cause of early-onset familial Parkinson's disease (PD). Recent studies have highlighted an important function for PINK1 in clearing depolarized mitochondria by mitophagy. However, the role of PINK1 in mitochondrial and cellular functioning in(More)
Mitochondrial complex I (CI) is a multi-subunit enzyme that forms the major entry point of nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH) electrons into the respiratory chain. Mutations in the NDUFS4 gene, encoding an accessory subunit of this complex, cause a Leigh-like phenotype in humans. To study the nature and penetrance of the CI defect in different(More)
Complex I (CI) represents a major entry point of electrons in the mitochondrial electron transport chain (ETC). It consists of 45 different subunits, encoded by the mitochondrial (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA (nDNA). In humans, mutations in nDNA-encoded subunits cause severe neurodegenerative disorders like Leigh Syndrome with onset in early childhood. The(More)
Thirty-three patients have been treated with balloon catheters since 1978. Debrun's detachable balloons were used in 31 and a Fogarty catheter in the other two. Problems were encountered from the introduction of the catheter to the detachment of the balloon. We have treated 21 fistulas between the internal carotid and cavernous sinus, 3 fistulas between the(More)
In mice with cisplatin-induced acute kidney injury, administration of bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (MSC) restores renal tubular structure and improves renal function, but the underlying mechanism is unclear. Here, we examined the process of kidney cell repair in co-culture experiments with MSC and cisplatin-injured proximal tubular epithelial(More)
AIMS Cell regulation by signaling reactive oxygen species (sROS) is often incorrectly studied through extracellular oxidant addition. Here, we used the membrane-permeable antioxidant Trolox to examine the role of sROS in mitochondrial morphology, oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS), and cytosolic calcium (Ca(2+)) handling in healthy human skin fibroblasts.(More)
Forty patients with symptoms and signs of radicular disease or spinal cord involvement secondary to cervical spondylosis were studied with myelography (using nonionic water-soluble contrast medium) followed by computed tomographic (CT) myelography. In 17 patients CT was also performed before myelography. CT myelography adds useful information to the(More)
Proper cell functioning requires precise coordination between mitochondrial ATP production and local energy demand. Ionic calcium (Ca(2+)) plays a central role in this coupling because it activates mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation (OXPHOS) during hormonal and electrical cell stimulation. To determine how mitochondrial dysfunction affects cytosolic(More)