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At present, the mechanism(s) underlying the reduced spontaneous and stimulated GH secretion in aging is still unclear. To obtain new information on this mechanism(s), the GH responses to both single and combined administration of GH-releasing hormone (GHRH; 1 microgram/kg iv) and arginine (ARG; 30 g infused over 30 min), a well known GH secretagogue(More)
A blunted growth hormone (GH) response to several stimuli, including growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), has been shown in obesity. Arginine (ARG) has been demonstrated to potentiate the GHRH-induced GH increase in normal subjects, likely acting via inhibition of hypothalamic somatostatin release. To shed further light onto the mechanisms underlying(More)
To investigate the mechanism underlying the GH-releasing effect of arginine (ARG), we studied the interactions of ARG (0.5 g/kg infused i.v. over 30 min) with GHRH (1 microgram/kg i.v.) and with pyridostigmine (PD, 60 mg orally) on GH secretion in 15 children and adolescents with familial short stature (5.1-15.4 years). In a group of eight subjects ARG(More)
It is well known that in normal adults the growth hormone (GH) response to GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) is inhibited by previous administration of the neurohormone. In 7 healthy volunteers (age 20-34 years) we studied the GH responses to two consecutive GHRH boluses (1 microgram/kg i.v. every 120 min) alone or coadministered with arginine (30 g i.v. over 30(More)
Derangement of genetic and immunological factors seems to have a pivotal role in the pathophysiology of immune thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP). We investigated interleukin(IL)-10 genetically determined expression in children with an acute progression of ITP (n=41) compared to young patients with chronic ITP (n=44) and healthy controls (n=60), and attempted(More)
Galanin (GAL), a 29 amino acid neuropeptide, is known to increase both basal and growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH)-induced growth hormone (GH) secretion while not significantly increasing prolactin (PRL) secretion in man. GAL is also endowed with an inhibiting effect on glucose-stimulated insulin release in animals, but not in man. We studied the(More)
In humans beta-adrenergic receptors mediate an inhibitory effect on somatotropic function, likely via stimulation of hypothalamic somatostatin release. Accordingly, salbutamol (SAL), a beta 2-agonist, given iv abolishes the GH response to GH-releasing hormone (GHRH) in adults. Taking into account that in bronchial asthma an alteration in the beta-adrenergic(More)
This report examines the 3H-thymidine-labeling index (LI), the flow cytometric S-phase cell fraction, and DNA ploidy in the normal colorectal mucosa of three groups of subjects: normal subjects (group A), patients with adenomas (group B) and patients with cancer (group C). The total LI and the LI for crypt compartment were investigated. The former LI was(More)
Acute hyperglycemia inhibits the growth hormone (GH) response to several stimuli including growth hormone-releasing hormone (GHRH), likely acting by stimulation of endogenous somatostatin release. The aim of our study was to verify whether arginine ([Arg] 30 g intravenously [IV] in 30 minutes), a well-known GH secretagogue likely acting via inhibition of(More)