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Cervical cancer is the third most common cancer worldwide, and the development of new diagnosis, prognostic, and treatment strategies is a major interest for public health. Cisplatin, in combination with external beam irradiation for locally advanced disease, or as monotherapy for recurrent/metastatic disease, has been the cornerstone of treatment for more(More)
Breast cancer is the most common type of malignancy diagnosed in women. In the metastatic setting this disease is still uncurable. Taxanes represent an important class of antitumor agents which have proven to be fundamental in the treatment of advanced and early-stage breast cancer, but the clinical advances of taxanes have been limited by their highly(More)
Currently we are more and more improving our knowledge about the characteristics and the role of cancer stem cells in human cancer. Particularly we have realized that self-renewing ovarian cancer stem cells (CSCs) or ovarian cancer-initiating cells, and mesenchymal stem cells (SCs) too, are probably implicated in the etiopathogenesis of epithelial ovarian(More)
Several adverse effects have been related to infertility treatments, such as cancer development. In particular, the relationship between infertility, reproductive strategies, and risk of gynecological cancers has aroused much interest in recent years. The evaluation of cancer risk among women treated for infertility is very complex, mainly because of many(More)
Sunitinib malate (SU11248) is a multitarget oral tyrosine kinase receptor (RTKs) inhibitor which was approved by FDA in renal cells carcinoma (RCC) and imatinib-resistant or imatinib-intollerant gastro-intestinal stromal tumour (GIST). Sunitinib is able to inhibit RTKs such as receptors for platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF-Rα and β) and for vascular(More)
Development of HPV-associated cancers not only depends on efficient negative regulation of cell cycle control that supports the accumulation of genetic damage, but also relies on immune evasion that enable the virus to go undetected for long periods of time. In this way, HPV-related tumors usually present MHC class I down-regulation, impaired(More)
The aim of this review is to evaluate the use of chemotherapy (CT) in the treatment of squamous vulvar cancer. Since the 90s there was a continuous evolution in the therapeutic approach to this tumour. Although primary surgery is now considered the most effective approach, there are advanced diseases in which surgery may compromise anatomical structures(More)
The cervix is a possible site of metastasis from any primary malignancy, but no specific indication on follow-up examination is present. We present an asymptomatic patient with isolated breast cancer cervical recurrence diagnosed by colposcopy after 11 years from primary disease. After a PubMed search and a review of current guidelines, no indication to(More)
The current adjuvant therapy for breast cancer is in a continous progress; standard therapeutic strategies include the use of chemotherapy, molecular targeted drugs and hormonal agents, according to well-established prognostic and predictive factors. Among the hormonal drugs, for a long period tamoxifen has been the gold standard of adjuvant therapy in(More)