Federica Taioli

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The neurofilament light chain (NF-L) is a major constituent of intermediate filaments and plays a pivotal function in the assembly and maintenance of axonal cytoskeleton. Mutations in the NF-L gene (NEFL) cause autosomal dominant neuropathies that are classified either as axonal Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) type 2E (CMT2E) or demyelinating CMT type 1F (CMT1F).(More)
BACKGROUND Autosomal recessive demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 4H (CMT4H) manifests early onset, severe functional impairment, deforming scoliosis, and myelin outfoldings in the nerve biopsy. Mutations in the FGD4 gene encoding the Rho-GTPase guanine-nucleotide-exchange-factor frabin were reported in five families. OBJECTIVE To(More)
We describe a patient with congenital hypomyelination neuropathy. The pathological and morphometrical findings in the sural nerve biopsy were consistent with a defect of myelin formation and maintenance. Direct sequence analysis of the genomic regions coding the peripheral myelin proteins P0 and PMP22 disclosed a heterozygous missense point mutation that(More)
BACKGROUND The peripheral myelin protein-22 (PMP22) gene has four transmembrane domains, two extracellular loops, and a short cytoplasmic tail. Its roles in the peripheral nervous system remain unclear. The most common cause of Charcot-Marie-Tooth neuropathy type 1A (CMT1A) is a PMP22 gene duplication. Missense point mutations in the transmembrane domains(More)
Autosomal-dominant transthyretin (TTR)-related amyloidosis usually manifests in the second to fourth decade with a length-dependent axonal neuropathy with prominent involvement of the small fibers and multi-organ systemic failure. We retrospectively analyzed seventeen probands, including thirteen apparently isolated cases, carrying eight mutations of TTR(More)
The peripheral myelin protein 22 (PMP22) is a tetraspan membrane protein which is localised in the compact myelin of the peripheral nerves. In fibroblasts, where it was originally identified as growth arrest related factor 3 (Gas3), PMP22 has been shown to modulate cell proliferation; in the peripheral nervous system its roles are still debated. The(More)
Mutations in the small heat-shock protein HSP27 gene are associated with distal hereditary motor neuropathy and with the axonal form of Charcot–Marie–Tooth disease type 2. We present the clinical and electrophysiological data on a multigenerational family with the p.Arg136Leu HSP27 mutation. Atypical features such as deafness and pyramidal signs were(More)
A patient is described with a Déjérine-Sottas syndrome caused by a novel heterozygous Cys(98)Tyr mutation in the extracellular domain of the major peripheral myelin protein zero (P0ex). Homotypical interactions between P0ex tetramers of apposed extracellular faces of the Schwann cell membrane play a crucial part in myelin compaction. The amino acid change(More)
Here we describe clinical, neuropsychological and neuroradiological findings in 6 subjects belonging to two unrelated Italian cerebral autosomal dominant arteriopathy with subcortical infarcts and leukoencephalopathy (CADASIL) kindreds from the same geographic area who shared a common Arg1006Cys mutation. Subjects from Family A were virtually asymptomatic,(More)