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The Shallow Radar (SHARAD) on the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has imaged the internal stratigraphy of the north polar layered deposits of Mars. Radar reflections within the deposits reveal a laterally continuous deposition of layers, which typically consist of four packets of finely spaced reflectors separated by homogeneous interpacket regions of nearly(More)
Mesophilic and psychrotrophic populations from refrigerated meat were identified in this study, and the spoilage potential of microbial isolates in packaged beef was evaluated by analyzing the release of volatile organic compounds (VOC) by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC/MS). Fifty mesophilic and twenty-nine psychrotrophic isolates were analyzed by(More)
OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate the role and efficacy of a total 360 degrees wrap, Nissen-Rossetti fundoplication, after esophagogastromyotomy in the treatment of esophageal achalasia. SUMMARY BACKGROUND DATA Surgery actually achieves the best results in the treatment of esophageal achalasia; the options vary from a short extramucosal(More)
The notion of ‗causal web' emerged in the epidemiological literature in the early Sixties and had to wait until the Nineties for a thorough critical appraisal. Famously, Nancy Krieger argued that such a notion isn't helpful unless we specify what kind of spiders create the webs. This means, according to Krieger, (i) that the role of the spiders is to(More)
The aim of this study was to use molecular techniques to assess the microbiota of eight raw cow's milk samples at biotype and species level. Sixty-six isolates from raw milk samples were screened by Randomly amplified polymorphic DNA-PCR (RAPD-PCR) biotyping and representative strains of RAPD-PCR profiles were identified by 16S rRNA gene sequencing.(More)
This introduction to the volume begins with a manifesto that puts forward two theses: first, that the sciences are the best place to turn in order to understand causality; second, that scientifically-informed philosophical investigation can bring something to the sciences too. Next, the chapter goes through the various parts of the volume, drawing out(More)
The paper addresses the question of how different types of evidence ought to inform public health policy. By analysing case studies on obesity, the paper draws lessons about the different roles that different types of evidence play in setting up public health policies. More specifically, it is argued that evidence of difference-making supports(More)
The microbial spoilage of beef was monitored during storage at 5 degrees C under three different conditions of modified-atmosphere packaging (MAP): (i) air (MAP1), (ii) 60% O2 and 40% CO2 (MAP2), and (iii) 20% O2 and 40% CO2 (MAP3). Pseudomonas, Enterobacteriaceae, Brochothrix thermosphacta, and lactic acid bacteria were monitored by viable counts and(More)