Federica Polato

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Defective DNA repair by homologous recombination (HR) is thought to be a major contributor to tumorigenesis in individuals carrying Brca1 mutations. Here, we show that DNA breaks in Brca1-deficient cells are aberrantly joined into complex chromosome rearrangements by a process dependent on the nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) factors 53BP1 and DNA ligase 4.(More)
The DNA damage response (DDR) protein 53BP1 protects DNA ends from excessive resection in G1, and thereby favors repair by nonhomologous end-joining (NHEJ) as opposed to homologous recombination (HR). During S phase, BRCA1 antagonizes 53BP1 to promote HR. The pro-NHEJ and antirecombinase functions of 53BP1 are mediated in part by RIF1, the only known factor(More)
PURPOSE The PRL-3 phosphatase has been found expressed at higher levels in metastasis than in primary tumors of patients with colorectal cancer. In the present study, we evaluated the expression of PRL-3 in ovarian cancer tissue and its role in ovarian cancer cell growth. EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN PRL-3 phosphatase expression was evaluated in 84 ovarian tumor(More)
The ability of the TRAIL ligand to induce cell killing in three ovarian cancer cell lines was investigated using a glutathione-S-transferase (GST)-TRAIL fusion protein. One of the three lines was sensitive to TRAIL, which induced cell killing in a range of concentrations similar to those necessary to kill the TRAIL-sensitive leukaemic cell line Jurkat. The(More)
Homologous recombination (HR) is initiated by DNA end resection, a process in which stretches of single-strand DNA (ssDNA) are generated and used for homology search. Factors implicated in resection include nucleases MRE11, EXO1, and DNA2, which process DNA ends into 3' ssDNA overhangs; helicases such as BLM, which unwind DNA; and other proteins such as(More)
The cytoprotective effects of pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) require interactions between an as of a yet undefined region with a distinct ectodomain on the PEDF receptor (PEDF-R). Here we characterized the area in PEDF that interacts with PEDF-R to promote photoreceptor survival. Molecular docking studies suggested that the ligand binding site of(More)
BACKGROUND p53 influences genomic stability, apoptosis, autophagy, response to stress, and DNA damage. New p53-target genes could elucidate mechanisms through which p53 controls cell integrity and response to damage. METHODS DRAGO (drug-activated gene overexpressed, KIAA0247) was characterized by bioinformatics methods as well as by real-time polymerase(More)
Inactivation of the mismatch repair system (MMR) leads to the accumulation of mutations, particularly in highly repeated sequences (microsatellite). The resulting microsatellite instability can profoundly affect the cellular behaviour, since many genes playing important roles in the mechanisms of signal transduction, apoptosis, DNA repair and cell cycle(More)
Autoimmune diseases (ADs) impose substantial health and financial burdens in the United States and in many parts of the world. Women are disproportionately affected by many of these disorders, which often contribute to lifelong disabilities. While the number of patients with some ADs appears to be rising, the complexities of conducting epidemiological(More)
Pigment epithelium-derived factor (PEDF) is a natural protein of the retina with demonstrable neurotrophic properties, found in the interphotoreceptor matrix in intimate contact with photoreceptors. This review summarizes the effects of PEDF on photoreceptors in several animal models of retinal degeneration.