Federica Pessina

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PURPOSE Sphincter injury is a common cause of anal incontinence. Surgical repair remains the operation of choice; however, the outcome often is poor. We investigated the ability of injected bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells to enhance sphincter healing after injury and primary repair in a preclinical model. METHODS Twenty-four inbred Wistar Furth(More)
We investigated whether static electromagnetic fields (EMFs) at a flux density of 4.75 T, generated by an NMR apparatus (NMRF), could promote movements of Ca2+, cell proliferation, and the eventual production of proinflammatory cytokines in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as well as in Jurkat cells, after exposure to the field for 1 h. The(More)
The antispasmodic effects of 3-t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (BHA) and some structurally related compounds were investigated in endothelium-intact rat aorta rings. Nordihydroguaieretic acid (NDGA), BHA, 3,5-di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (DTBHA), 2,6-di-isopropyl phenol (propofol) and 2,2'-dihydroxy-3,3'-di-t-butyl-5, 5'-dimethoxydiphenyl (DIBHA) did not cause(More)
Experiments assessed whether long term exposure to 50 Hz pulsed electromagnetic fields with a peak magnetic field of 3 mT can alter the dynamics of intracellular calcium in human astrocytoma U-373 MG cells. Pretreatment of cells with 1.2 microM substance P significantly increased the [Ca(2+)](i). The same effect was also observed when [Ca(2+)](i) was(More)
The monoamine oxidase inhibitor L-deprenyl [(-)-deprenyl, selegiline] is an effective therapeutic agent for improving early symptoms of idiopathic Parkinson's disease. It appears to exert this action independently of its inhibition of monoamine oxidase B (MAO-B) and some of its metabolites are thought to contribute. Cytochrome P450 (CYP) activities are(More)
BACKGROUND Over the last 15 years, many studies demonstrated the myogenic regenerative potential of bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BM-MSC), making them an attractive tool for the regeneration of damaged tissues. In this study, we have developed an animal model of esophagogastric myotomy (MY) aimed at determining the role of autologous MSC in the(More)
AIMS To investigate the effect of anoxia/glucopenia and re-superfusion on intrinsic nerves in the mammalian urinary bladder. METHODS Strips of detrusor smooth muscle were dissected from monkey and human urinary bladder and mounted for tension recording in organ baths superfused with Krebs solution. Human, monkey, and guinea-pig urinary bladders were(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have indicated that quercetin promotes relaxation of vascular smooth muscle both in vivo and in vitro. However, Saponara et al. [(2002) Br J Pharmacol 135: 1819-1827] have demonstrated that quercetin is an activator of vascular L-type Ca(2+) channels. AIM OF THE STUDY We investigated the mechanical and electrophysiological(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to compare mechanical responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), as well as cholinergic and non-adrenergic, non-cholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission in guinea-pig, rat, monkey and human detrusor muscle strips. Responses to EFS (0.05, 0.5 and 1 ms pulse duration, 50 V, 1–15 Hz) of guinea-pig, rat, monkey and(More)