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PURPOSE Sphincter injury is a common cause of anal incontinence. Surgical repair remains the operation of choice; however, the outcome often is poor. We investigated the ability of injected bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells to enhance sphincter healing after injury and primary repair in a preclinical model. METHODS Twenty-four inbred Wistar Furth(More)
BACKGROUND Several studies have indicated that quercetin promotes relaxation of vascular smooth muscle both in vivo and in vitro. However, Saponara et al. [(2002) Br J Pharmacol 135: 1819-1827] have demonstrated that quercetin is an activator of vascular L-type Ca(2+) channels. AIM OF THE STUDY We investigated the mechanical and electrophysiological(More)
3,5-Di-t-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole (DTBHA) increased in a concentration-dependent manner (calculated pEC(50) = 4.55 +/- 0.18 M) the oxalate-stimulated Ca(2+)-pumping rate of rat skeletal muscle sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR) vesicles. Kinetic analysis of this effect suggested that the activation of SR Ca(2+)-ATPase operated by (DTBHA) was of both mixed and(More)
Experiments assessed whether long term exposure to 50 Hz pulsed electromagnetic fields with a peak magnetic field of 3 mT can alter the dynamics of intracellular calcium in human astrocytoma U-373 MG cells. Pretreatment of cells with 1.2 microM substance P significantly increased the [Ca(2+)](i). The same effect was also observed when [Ca(2+)](i) was(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to compare mechanical responses to electrical field stimulation (EFS), as well as cholinergic and non-adrenergic, noncholinergic (NANC) neurotransmission in guinea-pig, rat, monkey and human detrusor muscle strips. Responses to EFS (0.05, 0.5 and 1 ms pulse duration, 50 V, 1-15 Hz) of guinea-pig, rat, monkey and(More)
PURPOSE PEA is an endogenous mediator released together with the endocannabinoid anandamide from membrane phospholipids. It is a plant derived compound with analgesic and anti-inflammatory properties. We verified whether the pathophysiology of experimental cystitis involves changes in the levels of PEA and of some of its targets, ie CB1 and CB2 receptors,(More)
We investigated whether static electromagnetic fields (EMFs) at a flux density of 4.75 T, generated by an NMR apparatus (NMRF), could promote movements of Ca2+, cell proliferation, and the eventual production of proinflammatory cytokines in human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC) as well as in Jurkat cells, after exposure to the field for 1 h. The(More)
AIMS To investigate the effects of anoxia and glucopenia (A-G) on both male and female guinea pig urinary bladder. METHODS In whole bladders superfused with oxygenated Krebs' solution, intrinsic nerves underwent electrical field stimulation (EFS) and smooth muscle stimulated with carbachol, ATP, and high potassium. The effect of 1, 2, or 3 hr A-G on the(More)
2-t-butyl-4-methoxyphenol (BHA), 3,5-di-t-butyl-hydroxyanisole (DTBHA), 2,6-diisopropylphenol (propofol), alpha-tocopherol (alpha-TOC) and two newly synthesised analogues of BHA, namely 1-O-(4-hydroxy-3-t-butyl)phenyl-2,3,4,6-tetra-O-acetyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (beta-TAG) and 1-O-(4-hydroxy-3-t-butyl)phenyl-beta-D-glucopyranose (beta-GLU), were tested for(More)
The novel MAO-B inhibitor PF9601N, its cytochrome P450-dependent metabolite FA72 and l-deprenyl were studied as potential peroxynitrite (ONOO(-)) scavengers and nitric oxide synthase (NOS) inhibitors. The scavenging activity of these compounds was evaluated by measuring the oxygen consumption through peroxynitrite-mediated oxidation of both linoleic acid(More)