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BACKGROUND & AIMS The Inhibitory Control Test has been proposed as a tool to detect the persistence of cognitive defects after the resolution of overt hepatic encephalopathy (OHE). We tested learning abilities of cirrhotic patients using the Psychometric Hepatic Encephalopathy Score (PHES). METHODS One hundred six cirrhotic patients who agreed to be(More)
HRQoL is impaired in cirrhosis. Establishing the relevance of depression, anxiety, alexithymia and cirrhosis stage on the patients’ HRQoL. Sixty cirrhotics underwent a neuropsychological assessment, including ZUNG-SDS, STAI Y1-Y2 and TAS-20. Minimal hepatic encephalopathy (MHE) was detected by PHES, HRQoL by Short-Form-36 (SF-36). Depression was detected in(More)
BACKGROUND & AIMS The psychometric hepatic encephalopathy score (PHES), which includes 5 psychometric tests, is a standard for the diagnosis of minimal hepatic encephalopathy (HE). We investigated whether a simplified PHES (SPHES) is as useful as the whole PHES. METHODS The PHES was determined for 79 cirrhotic patients (the training group), who were(More)
BACKGROUND It has been observed that overt hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is accompanied by a persistent cognitive defect, suggesting that HE may not be fully reversible. The health-related quality-of-life (HRQoL) has been shown to be impaired by cirrhosis, and, according to some reports, influenced by minimal HE. Little is known about the effect of previous(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE QT and T(peak)-T(end) (Te) intervals are associated with sudden cardiac death in patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). We studied age-dependent influence on short-term temporal dispersion of these two variables in patients with postischemic CHF. METHOD We grouped 75 CHF and 53 healthy control subjects into three age subsets: ≤(More)
BACKGROUND Evidence from a canine experimental acute myocardial infarction (MI) model shows that until the seventh week after MI, the relationship between stellate ganglion nerve activity (SGNA) and vagal nerve activity (VNA) progressively increases. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to evaluate how autonomic nervous system activity influences(More)
Sudden cardiac death is the main cause of mortality in patients affected by chronic heart failure (CHF) and with history of myocardial infarction. No study yet investigated the intra-QT phase spectral coherence as a possible tool in stratifying the arrhythmic susceptibility in patients at risk of sudden cardiac death (SCD). We, therefore, assessed possible(More)
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) is a promising tool for the treatment of depression and the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (dlPFC) is often targeted when exploring tDCS effects on mood. However, the basic effects of tDCS on momentary emotions are inconsistent. We tested whether a single-session of anodal tDCS over the left temporal lobe (T3),(More)
Nowadays, syncope still generates complicated challenges for clinicians for the alarm it arises in patients and, at the same time, for the multiple causes it has determined by. In almost one third of cases, syncope is neuromediated, in young subjects in vasovagal, whereas in elderly is often determinated by carotid sinus hypersensitivity. These two kinds of(More)
BACKGROUND Chronic increase in left ventricular filling pressure represents one of the most important mechanism underlying the structural, as well as the electrical, atrial chamber remodeling leading to atrial fibrillation. The present pilot pathophysiological study sought to investigate possible relationship between short-period cross-spectral coherence of(More)