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Western flower thrips (Frankliniella occidentalis) has become a key insect pest of agricultural and horticultural crops worldwide. Little is known about host plant resistance to thrips. In this study, we investigated thrips resistance in chrysanthemum (Dendranthema grandiflora). We identified thrips-resistant chrysanthemums applying bioassays. Subsequently,(More)
BACKGROUND Grapes (Vitis vinifera L.) are economically the most important fruit crop worldwide. However, the complexity of molecular and biochemical events that lead to the onset of ripening of nonclimacteric fruits is not fully understood which is further complicated in grapes due to seasonal and cultivar specific variation. The Portuguese wine variety(More)
Grapevine (Vitis vinifera ssp. vinifera L.) and grapes have been extensively studied due to their numerous nutritional benefits and health affecting activities. In this study, metabolite fingerprinting of crude leaf extracts, based on (1)H nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy and multivariate data analyses, has been used for the metabolic(More)
(1)H NMR (nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy) has been used for metabolomic analysis of 'Riesling' and 'Mueller-Thurgau' white wines from the German Palatinate region. Diverse two-dimensional NMR techniques have been applied for the identification of metabolites, including phenolics. It is shown that sensory analysis correlates with NMR-based metabolic(More)
Two new cyathane diterpenes, cyrneines A (1) and B (2), were isolated from the mushroom Sarcodon cyrneus. The structures of the novel diterpenoids were determined by analysis of their spectroscopic data. Neither cyrneine A nor cyrneine B at 100 microM showed cytotoxicity as determined by LDH analysis. The stimulating activity on neurite outgrowth of(More)
Two new cyathane diterpenes, cyrneine C (4) and D (5), were isolated from the mushroom Sarcodon cyrneus, along with previously isolated cyrneine A, B and glaucopine C. The structures of the novel diterpenoids were determined by the analysis of spectroscopic data. Effects of the cyrneines and glaucopine C on the NGF gene expression in 1321N1 cells and on(More)
We previously reported the chemopreventive ability of a prenyloxycoumarin auraptene in chemically induced carcinogenesis in digestive tract, liver and urinary bladder of rodents. The current study was designed to determine whether dietary feeding of auraptene and its related prenyloxycoumarin collinin can inhibit colitis-related mouse colon carcinogenesis.(More)
Metabolic fingerprinting techniques have received a lot of attention in recent years and the annual amount of publications in this field has increased significantly over the past decade. This increase in publications is due to improvements in the analytical performance, most notably in the field of NMR and MS analysis, and the increased awareness of the(More)
The numerous uses of the grapevine fruit, especially for wine and beverages, have made it one of the most important plants worldwide. The phyto-chemistry of grapevine is rich in a wide range of compounds. Many of them are renowned for their numerous medicinal uses. The production of grapevine metabolites is highly conditioned by many factors like(More)