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Sertoli cell-gonocyte cocultures obtained from rat testes 20 days postcoitum, 1 day postpartum, and 3 days postpartum were used to investigate the effect of FGF-2 on both somatic and germ cells in vitro during the perinatal period. With cells isolated from fetal, newborn, or 3-day-old animals, FGF-2 was found to significantly increase the number of Sertoli(More)
In addition to sperm cells, seminal fluid contains various small membranous vesicles. These include prostasomes, membrane vesicles secreted by prostate epithelial cells. Prostasomes have been proposed to perform a variety of functions, including modulation of (immune) cell activity within the female reproductive tract and stimulation of sperm motility and(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting reports have been published on the sensitivity of spermatogenesis to capsaicin (CAP), the pungent ingredient of hot chili peppers. Here, the effect of CAP on germ cell survival was investigated by using two testis germ cell lines as a model. As CAP is a potent agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1)(More)
Spermatogonial cell lines were established by transfecting a mixed population of purified rat A(s) (stem cells), A(pr) and A(al) spermatogonia with SV40 large T antigen. Two cell lines were characterized and found to express Hsp90alpha and oct-4, specific markers for germ cells and A spermatogonia, respectively. Expression of c-kit, normally expressed in A(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the interleukin 6 family of cytokines, was found to be highly expressed in the late fetal and early neonatal rat testis, as well as in the maturing and adult testis. Two different forms of OSM were observed, one of M(r) 22,000 and the other of M(r) 36,000. In the prepubertal rat testis [19 days post coitum, 8 days post partum(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and ciliary neurotropic factor (CNTF) were found to be pleiotropic modulators of Sertoli cell and gonocyte development (both isolated from the neonatal rat testis) in a coculture system, whereas IL-6, another member of this cytokine family, had no effect on these cells. LIF and CNTF significantly enhanced the survival of the(More)
Bovine follicular fluid (bFF) injected ip in mice during 2 days (65,000 U inhibin/day, 1 U inhibin the activity in 1 micrograms bFF protein) caused a significant decrease in the numbers of A4, intermediate (In), and B spermatogonia to 91%, 74%, and 67% of the control values, respectively. The numbers of undifferentiated spermatogonia remained unchanged.(More)
A method for obtaining enriched populations of gonocytes from rat embryos at 18 days p.c. has been developed. Single cell suspensions with high cell yield and good viability of the cells were obtained by a collagenase/trypsin digestion of the testes. Cells were separated on the basis of size by the Staput technique of velocity sedimentation at unit gravity.(More)
The in vitro culture conditions allowing survival and initial proliferation of murine primordial germ cells from 10.5 days post coitum embryos, which include the use of a murine embryonal fibroblast (STO) feeder, were applied to 21 human seminomas, composed of tumour cells which are considered as the malignant counterparts of human primordial germ cells.(More)