Federica M F van Dissel-Emiliani

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Quiescent gonocytes were isolated from fetal testes of rat 18-day post coitum and cultured alone or on monolayers of somatic cells from different origins. The gonocytes specifically adhered to Sertoli cells, isolated from 21 to 23-day-old rat testes; this adherence was necessary for their survival in vitro. Addition of follicle-stimulating hormone and(More)
Spermatogonial cell lines were established by transfecting a mixed population of purified rat A(s) (stem cells), A(pr) and A(al) spermatogonia with SV40 large T antigen. Two cell lines were characterized and found to express Hsp90alpha and oct-4, specific markers for germ cells and A spermatogonia, respectively. Expression of c-kit, normally expressed in A(More)
In addition to sperm cells, seminal fluid contains various small membranous vesicles. These include prostasomes, membrane vesicles secreted by prostate epithelial cells. Prostasomes have been proposed to perform a variety of functions, including modulation of (immune) cell activity within the female reproductive tract and stimulation of sperm motility and(More)
Sertoli cell-gonocyte cocultures obtained from rat testes 20 days postcoitum, 1 day postpartum, and 3 days postpartum were used to investigate the effect of FGF-2 on both somatic and germ cells in vitro during the perinatal period. With cells isolated from fetal, newborn, or 3-day-old animals, FGF-2 was found to significantly increase the number of Sertoli(More)
BACKGROUND Conflicting reports have been published on the sensitivity of spermatogenesis to capsaicin (CAP), the pungent ingredient of hot chili peppers. Here, the effect of CAP on germ cell survival was investigated by using two testis germ cell lines as a model. As CAP is a potent agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid receptor 1 (TRPV1)(More)
Oncostatin M (OSM), a member of the interleukin 6 family of cytokines, was found to be highly expressed in the late fetal and early neonatal rat testis, as well as in the maturing and adult testis. Two different forms of OSM were observed, one of M(r) 22,000 and the other of M(r) 36,000. In the prepubertal rat testis [19 days post coitum, 8 days post partum(More)
Leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and ciliary neurotropic factor (CNTF) were found to be pleiotropic modulators of Sertoli cell and gonocyte development (both isolated from the neonatal rat testis) in a coculture system, whereas IL-6, another member of this cytokine family, had no effect on these cells. LIF and CNTF significantly enhanced the survival of the(More)
A method for isolating A spermatogonia from the adult vitamin A-deficient (VAD) rat testis is described. After removal, the testes were decapsulated and tubules were dissected. An enzymatic digestion with collagenase, hyaluronidase, and trypsin was performed first to eliminate most of the interstitial cells. A second digestion with collagenase and(More)
Bovine follicular fluid (bFF) injected ip in mice during 2 days (65,000 U inhibin/day, 1 U inhibin the activity in 1 micrograms bFF protein) caused a significant decrease in the numbers of A4, intermediate (In), and B spermatogonia to 91%, 74%, and 67% of the control values, respectively. The numbers of undifferentiated spermatogonia remained unchanged.(More)