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Ageing is one of the main risk factors for brain disorders. According to the neuroendocrine theory, ageing modifies the sensitivity of hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis to homoeostatic signals coming from the cerebral cortex. The relationships between the energy metabolism of these areas have not been considered yet, in particular with respect to ageing.(More)
Stroke is a leading cause of death and disability, but most of the therapeutic approaches failed in clinical trials. The energy metabolism alterations, due to marked ATP decline, are strongly related to stroke and, at present, their physiopathological roles are not fully understood. Thus, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of aging on(More)
The effect of aging on hippocampus is often confounded by diseases that commonly occur in the elderly. In this research, functional proteomics was used to characterize age-related changes in energy metabolism of different neuronal pathways within the hippocampus of Wistar rats aged 2, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months. The "large" synaptosomes, derived from(More)
The effect of aging and CDP-choline treatment (20 mg kg⁻¹ body weight i.p. for 28 days) on the maximal rates (V(max)) of representative mitochondrial enzyme activities related to Krebs' cycle (citrate synthase, α-ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, malate dehydrogenase), glutamate and related amino acid metabolism (glutamate dehydrogenase, glutamate-oxaloacetate-(More)
The maximum rates (V (max)) of some enzymatic activities related to energy consumption (ATP-ases) were evaluated in two types of synaptic plasma membranes (SPM) isolated from cerebral cortex of rats subjected to in vivo treatment with L: -acetylcarnitine at two different doses (30 and 60 mg kg(-1) i.p., 28 days, 5 days/week). The following enzyme activities(More)
Brain bioenergetic abnormalities in mood disorders were detected by neuroimaging in vivo studies in humans. Because of the increasing importance of mitochondrial pathogenetic hypothesis of Depression, in this study the effects of sub-chronic treatment (21days) with desipramine (15mg/kg) and fluoxetine (10mg/kg) were evaluated on brain energy metabolism. On(More)
Synaptic energy state and mitochondrial dysfunction are crucial factors in many brain pathologies. l-acetylcarnitine, a natural derivative of carnitine, improves brain energy metabolism, and has been proposed for the Therapy of many neurological and psychiatric diseases. The effects of the drug on the maximum rate (Vmax) of enzymatic activities related to(More)
The recent introduction of monoclonal antibodies in Crohn's disease (CD) management has been associated with the development of serious complications, such as the progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML), caused by JC polyomavirus (JCV) reactivation. Therefore, the aims of our study have been the investigation of the possible JCV reactivation in(More)
Progressive multifocal leukoencephalopathy (PML) onset, caused by Polyomavirus JC (JCPyV) in patients affected by immune-mediated diseases during biological treatment, raised concerns about the safety profile of these agents. Therefore, the aims of this study were the JCPyV reactivation monitoring and the noncoding control region (NCCR) and viral protein 1(More)
Childhood obesity when associated with serum lipoprotein changes triggers atherosclerosis. Evidences suggest that the atherosclerotic process begins in childhood and that the extent of early atherosclerosis of the aorta and coronary arteries can be associated with lipoprotein levels and obesity. Furthermore, many studies in childhood demonstrate an(More)