Federica Di Sano

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BACKGROUND The lipid second messenger ceramide, which is generated by acidic and neutral sphingomyelinases or ceramide synthases, is a common intermediate of many apoptotic pathways. Metabolism of ceramide involves several enzymes, including glucosylceramide synthase and GD3 synthase, and results in the formation of gangliosides (GM3, GD3, and GT3), which(More)
Endoplasmic reticulum (ER) is the primary site for the synthesis and folding of secreted and membrane-bound proteins. Accumulation of unfolded and misfolded proteins in ER underlies a wide range of human neurodegenerative disorders. Hence, molecules regulating the ER stress response represent potential candidates as drug targets for tackling these diseases.(More)
Damage or stress in many organelles may trigger apoptosis by several not yet fully elucidated mechanisms. A cell death pathway is induced by endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress elicited by the unfolded protein response and/or by aberrant Ca(2+) signalling. Reticulon-1C (RTN-1C) belongs to the reticulon family, neuroendocrine-specific proteins localized(More)
The endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress-mediated pathway is involved in a wide range of human neurodegenerative disorders. Hence, molecules that regulate the ER stress response represent potential candidates as drug targets to tackle these diseases. In previous studies we demonstrated that upon acetylation the reticulon-1C (RTN-1C) variant of the reticulon(More)
Reticulons (RTNs) are a group of membrane proteins localized on the ER and known to regulate ER structure and functions. Several studies have suggested that RTNs are involved in different important cellular functions such as changes in calcium homeostasis, ER-stress-mediated cell death, and autophagy. RTNs have been demonstrated to exert a cancer specific(More)
Doxorubicin (0.5 microgram/ml) induced caspase-dependent apoptosis in SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma and CHP-100 neuroepithelioma cells. The apoptotic response started to be evident approximately 15 h after drug administration and, as monitored over a 48-h period, was more pronounced in CHP-100 than in SH-SY5Y cells. In both systems, apoptosis was accompanied by(More)
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