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The initiation of adaptive immune responses requires the direct interaction of dendritic cells (DCs) with naive T lymphocytes. It is well established that the maturation state of DCs has a critical impact on the outcome of the response. We show here that mature DCs form stable conjugates with naive T cells and induce the formation of organized immune(More)
Upon maturation, dendritic cells (DCs) acquire the unique ability to activate naïve T cells. We used time-lapse video microscopy and two-photon imaging of intact lymph nodes to show that after establishing initial contact between their dendrites and naïve T lymphocytes, mature DCs migrate toward the contacted lymphocytes. Subsequently, the DCs tightly(More)
The Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome protein (WASp) is a key regulator of actin polimerization in hematopoietic cells. Mutations in WASp cause a severe immunodeficiency characterized by defective initiation of primary immune response and autoimmunity. The contribution of altered dendritic cells (DCs) functions to the disease pathogenesis has not been fully(More)
Improvement of the strategy to target tumor Ags to dendritic cells (DCs) for immunotherapy requires the identification of the most appropriate ligand/receptor pairing. We screened a library of Ab fragments on mouse DCs to isolate new potential Abs capable of inducing protective immune responses. The screening identified a high-affinity Ab against CD36, a(More)
The idiotypic determinants expressed by immunoglobulin at the surface of malignant B-cells provide specific targets for vaccination strategies. However, as self-antigens they are poorly immunogenic and vaccines must include carriers to improve immune responses. Chemical cross-linking of purified idiotypic protein is so far the only method which has been(More)
The atypical chemokine receptor D6 is a decoy and scavenger receptor for most inflammatory CC chemokines and prevents the development of exacerbated inflammatory reactions. Here we report that mice lacking D6 expression in the nonhematopoietic compartment have a selective increase in the number of Ly6C(high) monocytes in the circulation and in secondary(More)
Wiskott-Aldrich syndrome (WAS) is a rare X-linked primary immunodeficiency caused by the defective expression of the WAS protein (WASP) in hematopoietic cells. It has been shown that dendritic cells (DCs) are functionally impaired in WAS patients and was(-/-) mice. We have previously demonstrated the efficacy and safety of a murine model of WAS gene therapy(More)
The immune synapse (IS) forms as dendritic cells (DCs) and T cells interact in lymph nodes during initiation of adaptive immunity. Factors that contribute to the formation and maintenance of IS stability and function have been mostly studied in T cells, whereas little is known about events occurring during synapse formation in DCs. Here, we show that DCs(More)
While the NGcGM3/VSSP vaccine, a preparation consisting in very small sized proteoliposomes (VSSP) obtained by the incorporation of the NGcGM3 ganglioside into the outer membrane protein (OMP) complex of Neisseria meningitides, is currently studied in late stage clinical trials in breast cancer and melanoma patients, mechanisms involved in the vaccine's(More)
Mammary epithelial stem cells are fundamental to maintain tissue integrity. Cancer stem cells (CSCs) are implicated in both treatment resistance and disease relapse, and the molecular bases of their malignant properties are still poorly understood. Here we show that both normal stem cells and CSCs of the breast are controlled by the prolyl-isomerase Pin1.(More)