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The current model for reverse cholesterol transport proposes that HDL transports excess cholesterol derived primarily from peripheral cells to the liver for removal. However, recent studies in ABCA1 transgenic mice suggest that the liver itself may be a major source of HDL cholesterol (HDL-C). To directly investigate the hepatic contribution to plasma HDL-C(More)
High-density lipoproteins (HDL) protect against cardiovascular disease. HDL removes and transports excess cholesterol from peripheral cells to the liver for removal from the body. HDL also protects low-density lipoproteins (LDL) from oxidation and inhibits expression of adhesion molecules in endothelial cells, preventing monocyte movement into the vessel(More)
The identification of ABCA1 as a key transporter responsible for cellular lipid efflux has led to considerable interest in defining its role in cholesterol metabolism and atherosclerosis. In this study, the effect of overexpressing ABCA1 in the liver of LDLr-KO mice was investigated. Compared with LDLr-KO mice, ABCA1-Tg x LDLr-KO (ABCA1-Tg) mice had(More)
Atherogenesis involves several aspects of chronic inflammation and wound healing. Indeed, the atheroma is considered a special case of tissue response to injury. Injurious stimuli may include lipoproteins trapped within lesions where protein and lipid moieties have undergone chemical modifications. We have studied the effect of oxidized low density(More)
CD36 and LIMPII analog 1, CLA-1, and its splicing variant, CLA-2 (SR-BI and SR-BII in rodents), are human high density lipoprotein receptors with an identical extracellular domain which binds a spectrum of ligands including bacterial cell wall components. In this study, CLA-1- and CLA-2-stably transfected HeLa and HEK293 cells demonstrated several-fold(More)
ABCG1 promotes cholesterol efflux from cells, but ABCG1(-/-) bone marrow transplant into ApoE(-/-) and LDLr(-/-) mice reduces atherosclerosis. To further investigate the role of ABCG1 in atherosclerosis, ABCG1 transgenic mice were crossed with LDLr-KO mice and placed on a high-fat western diet. Increased expression of ABCG1 mRNA was detected in liver(More)
Herein we designed, synthesized, tested, and validated fluorogenic methylcoumarinamide (MCA) and chloromethylketone-peptides spanning the Lassa virus GPC cleavage site as substrates and inhibitors for the proprotein convertase SKI-1/S1P. The 7-mer MCA (YISRRLL-MCA) and 8-mer MCA (IYISRRLL-MCA) are very efficiently cleaved with respect to both the 6-mer MCA(More)
The individual roles of hepatic versus intestinal ABCG5 and ABCG8 in sterol transport have not yet been investigated. To determine the specific contribution of liver ABCG5/G8 to sterol transport and atherosclerosis, we generated transgenic mice that overexpress human ABCG5 and ABCG8 in the liver but not intestine (liver G5/G8-Tg) in three different genetic(More)
Ezetimibe is a selective cholesterol absorption inhibitor, which potently inhibits the uptake and absorption of biliary and dietary cholesterol from the small intestine without affecting the absorption of fat-soluble vitamins, triglycerides or bile acids. Identification and characterization of Niemann-Pick C1 Like 1 (NPC1L1) has established NPC1L1 as an(More)
We previously reported that liver-specific overexpression of ABCG5/G8 in mice is not atheroprotective, suggesting that increased biliary cholesterol secretion must be coupled with decreased intestinal cholesterol absorption to increase net sterol loss from the body and reduce atherosclerosis. To evaluate this hypothesis, we fed low density lipoprotein(More)
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