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BACKGROUND Around the world, spiritual care in nursing is a critical part of providing holistic care, but within our profession, there is a lack of certainty over the meaning of spirituality and delivery of spiritual care, including nurses thinking of spirituality as religion. METHODS We adopted the eight-step Walker and Avant's concept analysis approach(More)
This study used qualitative methodology to understand Iranian women's views about barriers to and factors facilitating screening for early detection of breast cancer. Using grounded theory with in-depth interviews of 31 participants, themes emerged from the data in 2 main categories (internal and external) with 3 sub-categories: women's attitudes, feelings(More)
AIM To discuss the results of a study that explored factors that may influence competence development. BACKGROUND Competence, a controversial issue in health care settings, affects many aspects of the nursing profession, including education, practice and management. Although a number of research and discussion papers have explored the issue, in particular(More)
Families of patients suffering from depression have an important role in provision of care to the patients, which also may impose a great amount of stress on them. The purpose of this study was to explore and describe the experiences of the family members of patients suffering from depression on the impact of provision of care to the patients. A qualitative(More)
BACKGROUND Nurses working in emergency departments (EDs) are in the most danger of workplace violence (WPV) because of the critical nature of the wards. AIMS This study aimed to find the frequency and nature of physical and verbal WPV against Iranian nurses working in EDs. METHODS A cross-sectional study was carried out using consensus sampling of 196(More)
BACKGROUND Cardiovascular diseases are responsible for the highest mortality rate in Iran; however, there is a lack of evidence for cultural factors influencing patient education. Such information is important for the provision of effective patient care. AIM To identify key issues relating to cultural factors influencing education of cardiovascular(More)
BACKGROUND Information about web-based education outcomes in comparison with a face-to-face format can help researchers and tutors prepare and deliver future web-based or face-to-face courses more efficiently. The aim of this study was to compare the effectiveness of web-based and face-to-face continuing education methods in improving nurses' knowledge(More)
BACKGROUND Some human error in health care is inevitable. Research into the predisposing factors for these errors is an important step in their management. AIM To survey nurse perceptions of the contributing factors to nursing practice errors. METHODS A descriptive survey was carried out in three selected educational hospitals in Tehran city. Data were(More)
In response to the need for effective tobacco prevention programmes in the Islamic Republic of Iran, the present study sought to determine the major risk factors for initiation of smoking by adolescents. A content analysis with a qualitative approach was conducted through 22 in-depth interviews, 2 focus groups (4 and 6 participants in each group) and 30(More)
We determined the prevalence of smoking among 320 male medical sciences students (174 studying for a medical degree, 95 a bachelor degree and 51 a associate degree) in Semnan, Islamic Republic of Iran. A self-administrated, anonymous questionnaire was used. The prevalence of smoking was 14.4%; 45.6% of the smokers started smoking between the ages of 18 and(More)