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The crude extract of aerial parts of St John's wort (Hypericum perforatum) (Hp.Cr) and its fractions were studied in vitro for its possible spasmolytic and bronchodilator activities to rationalize some of its medicinal uses. In rabbit jejunum preparations, Hp.Cr caused a concentration-dependent relaxation of both spontaneous and K+ (80 mm)-induced(More)
Crude extract of Valeriana wallichii rhizome (Vw.Cr) and its fractions were studied for possible antispasmodic and blood pressure lowering activities to rationalize some of the folkloric uses. In rabbit jejunum preparations, Vw.Cr (0.1-3.0 mg/mL) caused relaxation of spontaneous contractions. When tested against high K(+) (80 mM)-induced contractions it(More)
Bacopa monnieri (BM) has been used in Ayurvedic medicine as a nootropic, anxiolytic, antiepileptic and antidepressant. An n-butanol extract of the plant (nBt-ext BM) was analysed and found to contain Bacoside A (Bacoside A3, Bacopaside II and Bacopasaponin C). The effects of the BM extract were then studied on morphine-induced hyperactivity as well as(More)
The ability of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, fluoxetine, to modify the effects of morphine, N-((S)-2-benzyl-3[(S) 2-amino-4-methylthio)butyldithio-]-1-oxopropyl)-L-alanine benzylester (RB 120; mixed inhibitor of enkephalin metabolism), and 4-¿[2-[[3-(1H-indol-3-yl))-2-methyl-1-oxo-2-[[(tricyclo[3,3,1,1] dec-2-yloxy) carbonyl] amino¿ propyl](More)
The positive motivational effects of a range of antidepressants/neurotransmitter reuptake inhibitor compounds were studied using conditioned place preference. These agents included amitriptyline (2.5-10 mg/kg), venlafaxine (5 and 10 mg/kg), sibutramine (5 and 10 mg/kg), fluoxetine (2.5-10 mg/kg), paroxetine (5-15 mg/kg) and sertraline (2.5-10 mg/kg). Male(More)
Opioids are extensively used for the management of both chronic malignant and non malignant pains. One major serious limitation associated with chronic use of opioids is the development of tolerance to its analgesic effect. The effect of Bacopa monnieri, a renowned ayurvedic medicine for acquisition and expression of morphine tolerance in mice, was(More)
Muslims throughout the world observe dawn to dusk fast in the month of Holy Ramadan. This study aims to investigate the effect of fasting on serum lithium levels in an animal model under typical conditions of Ramadan. Animals were categorized into oral and intraperitoneal groups. Each group was divided into fasting and non fasting groups along with their(More)
Three extracts of Valeriana wallichii DC (Valerianaceae) rhizome and fluoxetine were studied for antidepressant-like activity in two behavioral models, namely the forced swim test (FST) and the tail suspension test (TST). Fluoxetine as well as methanolic and aqueous extracts of V. wallichii induced monophasic dose-related decrements in immobility times in(More)
BACKGROUND Polygonum hydropiper L decoctions are traditionally used in the treatment of various ailments including inflammation, dyspepsia, diarrhea, menorrhagia, hemorrhoids, helminthiasis and CNS disorders. Present study was undertaken to investigate P. hydropiper L. for heavy metals content, phytoconstituents, Phytotoxic and anthelmintic activities to(More)
Controlled-release (CR) tablet formulation of olanzapine was developed using a binary mixture of Methocel® K100 LV-CR and Ethocel® standard 7FP premium by the dry granulation slugging method. Drug release kinetics of CR tablet formulations F1, F2, and F3, each one suitably compressed for 9-, 12-, and 15-kg hardness, were determined in a dissolution media of(More)