Faye Sarah Silverstein

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The neurotoxic lesion produced by direct injection of 25 nmol of N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) into the corpus striatum of 7-day-old rats was compared to the effects of injecting 75 nmol into the striatum or hippocampus of adults. The area of histopathology in the immature striatum was 21 X larger than the striatal lesion in adults. Damage from NMDA injected(More)
Neurogenesis persists throughout life in the rodent subventricular zone (SVZ)-olfactory bulb pathway and increases in the adult after brain insults. The influence of neonatal injury on SVZ neural precursors is unknown. We examined the effects of hypoxia-ischemia (HI) on neonatal mouse SVZ cell proliferation and neurogenesis. Postnatal day 10 (P10) mice(More)
Neonatal hypoxic-ischemic (HI) white matter injury is a major contributor to chronic neurological dysfunction. Immature oligodendrocytes (OLGs) are highly vulnerable to HI injury. As little is known about in vivo OLG repair mechanisms in neonates, we studied whether new OLGs are generated after HI injury in P7 rats. Rats received daily BrdU injections at(More)
Neurogenesis persists throughout life in the rodent subventricular zone (SVZ) and increases in the adult after brain injury. In this study, postnatal day 7 (P7) rats underwent right carotid artery ligation followed by 8% O2 exposure for 90 min, a lesioning protocol that resulted in ipsilateral forebrain hypoxic-ischemic (HI) injury. The effects of HI injury(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Macrophage inflammatory protein (MIP)-1alpha is a well-characterized monocyte chemoattractant; its role in regulating monocyte and microglial recruitment and activation in the injured neonatal brain is unknown. We evaluated the impact of acute hypoxic-ischemic (HI) brain injury on the expression of MIP-1alpha in neonatal rat brain. (More)
In childhood, the risk for seizures is greatest in the neonatal period. Currently used therapies have limited efficacy. Although the treatment of neonatal seizures has not significantly changed in the past several decades, there has been substantial progress in understanding developmental mechanisms that influence seizure generation and responsiveness to(More)
We examined the impact of hypoxia-ischemia on high-affinity [3H]glutamate uptake into a synaptosomal fraction prepared from immature rat corpus striatum. In 7-day-old pups the right carotid artery was ligated, and pups were exposed to 8% oxygen for 0, 0.5, 1, or 2.5 h, and allowed to recover for up to 24 h before they were killed. High-affinity glutamate(More)
Neonatal periventricular white matter injury is a major contributor to chronic neurologic dysfunction. In a neonatal rat stroke model, myelin basic protein (MBP) immunostaining reveals acute periventricular white matter injury. Yet, the extent to which myelin proteins can recover after neonatal hypoxic-ischemic injury is unknown. We developed a quantitative(More)
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE We tested the hypothesis that cerebral hypoxia-ischemia selectively stimulates interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) gene expression in brain regions susceptible to irreversible injury in perinatal rats. METHODS To elicit focal hypoxic-ischemic brain injury, 7-day-old perinatal (P7) rats were(More)
Platelet-activating factor (PAF) is overproduced in ischemic brain. Although postischemic PAF antagonist administration protects the mature brain in some models, little is known about the effects of PAF antagonists in the immature brain. We hypothesized that the PAF antagonist BN 52021 would attenuate perinatal cerebral hypoxic-ischemic injury. To elicit(More)