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Eight-four patients undergoing endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) were randomized to receive 100 micrograms of octreotide intravenously immediately prior to ERCP, and 100 micrograms subcutaneously 45 min after the initial dose, or placebo. Amylase, lipase, and glucose were measured and clinical assessment was performed before, and 2 and(More)
The virulence of Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli isolated from various water sources was compared with that of clinical strains by in vitro assays of adhesion, invasion and cytotoxicity to HeLa cells. Variation in degree of attachment was observed, but this did not appear to be related to strain source, However, water strains were less invasive and less(More)
IL-17 is argued to play an important role in the multiple sclerosis-like disease experimental autoimmune encephalitis (EAE). We investigated the therapeutic effects of anti-IL-17A in a chronic relapsing EAE ABH mouse model using conventional scoring, quantitative behavioral outcomes, and a novel vascular cell adhesion molecule 1 (VCAM-1)-targeted magnetic(More)
Extensive animal research has shown that endogenous estrogens and progestins play a vital role in controlling the course of normal pregnancy and fetal development. The balance of the 2 types of hormones must be maintained, a relative excess of deficiency of either being detrimental to the offspring. Information on this topic is presented from a review of(More)
Ten studies were performed to examine the time course of arterial and venous thiopental concentrations following the administration of thiopental (4 mg X kg-1 over 3 min) for cerebral protection during carotid occlusion in nine patients undergoing elective carotid endarterectomy; in five patients the time course of EEG change was also studied. The arterial(More)