Learn More
Determination of survival time among persons with screen-detected cancer is subject to lead time and length biases. The authors propose a simple correction for lead time, assuming an exponential distribution of the preclinical screen-detectable period. Assuming two latent categories of tumors, one of which is more prone to screen detection and(More)
Aspirin inhibits the enzyme cyclooxygenase (Cox), and there is a significant body of epidemiological evidence demonstrating that regular aspirin use is associated with a decreased incidence of developing cancer. Interest focussed on selective Cox-2 inhibitors both as cancer prevention agents and as therapeutic agents in patients with proven malignancy until(More)
BACKGROUND It is presumed that stentless aortic bioprostheses are hemodynamically superior to stented bioprostheses. A prospective randomized controlled trial was undertaken to compare stentless versus modern stented valves. METHODS AND RESULTS Patients with severe aortic valve stenosis (n=161) undergoing aortic valve replacement (AVR) were randomized(More)
OBJECTIVES To summarise the relevant clinical effectiveness and cost-effectiveness literature, to collect data on survival, transplantation rates, health-related quality of life (HRQoL) and resource use for ventricular assist device (VAD) and non-VAD transplant candidates in the UK, and to construct cost-effectiveness and cost-utility models of VADs in a UK(More)
BACKGROUND Stentless aortic bioprostheses were shown to be hemodynamically superior to earlier generations of stented bioprostheses. Modern stented valve designs have improved hemodynamics. A prospective randomized controlled trial was undertaken to compare stentless versus modern stented valves. Our aim was to determine any differences in early(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate whether follow-up of patients recently discharged from the hospital as a result of acute asthma can be adequately provided by a respiratory specialist nurse compared to a respiratory doctor. DESIGN Single center, prospective, randomized controlled trial. SETTING District general hospital in the United Kingdom. PARTICIPANTS One(More)
The effect of BMI on cost of intensive care unit (ICU) stay and ward stay in cardiac surgery is currently unknown. To assess these data on BMI, ICU stay and EuroSCORE were prospectively collected for 6100 patients undergoing cardiac surgery between 2000 and 2004. Patients were categorised according to BMI and comparisons were conducted, using non-parametric(More)
BACKGROUND Luteinising hormone-releasing hormone agonists (LHRHa), used as androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in prostate cancer (PCa) management, reduce serum oestradiol as well as testosterone, causing bone mineral density (BMD) loss. Transdermal oestradiol is a potential alternative to LHRHa. OBJECTIVE To compare BMD change in men receiving either(More)
Background Evidence of the impact of breast screening is limited by biases inherent in non-randomised studies and often by lack of complete population data. We address this by estimating the effect of screen detection on cause-specific fatality in breast cancer, corrected for all potential biases, using population cancer registry data. Methods Subjects (N =(More)