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We previously localized and fine-mapped Charcot Marie Tooth 4A (CMT4A), the autosomal recessive, demyelinating peripheral neuropathy, to chromosome 8. Through additional positional cloning, we have identified a good candidate gene, encoding ganglioside-induced differentiation-associated protein-1 (GDAP1). We found three different mutations in four different(More)
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and primary lateral sclerosis (PLS) are neurodegenerative conditions that affect large motor neurons of the central nervous system. We have identified a familial juvenile PLS (JPLS) locus overlapping the previously identified ALS2 locus on chromosome 2q33. We report two deletion mutations in a new gene that are found both(More)
The hereditary spastic paraplegias (HSPs) are a genetically and clinically heterogeneous group of upper-motor-neuron degenerative diseases characterized by selective axonal loss in the corticospinal tracts and dorsal columns. Although numerous mechanisms involving defective subcellular transportation, mitochondrial malfunction, and increased oxidative(More)
Miyoshi myopathy (MM) is an adult onset, recessive inherited distal muscular dystrophy that we have mapped to human chromosome 2p13. We recently constructed a 3-Mb P1-derived artificial chromosome (PAC) contig spanning the MM candidate region. This clarified the order of genetic markers across the MM locus, provided five new polymorphic markers within it(More)
The identification of genetic causes for Mendelian disorders has been based on the collection of multi-incident families, linkage analysis, and sequencing of genes in candidate intervals. This study describes the application of next-generation sequencing technologies to a Swiss kindred presenting with autosomal-dominant, late-onset Parkinson disease (PD).(More)
'Pure' familial spastic paraplegias (FSP) are neurodegenerative disorders that are clinically characterized by progressive spasticity of the lower limbs and are inherited as autosomal dominant (DFSP) or autosomal recessive (RFSP) traits. The primary defect in FSP is unknown. Genetic linkage analysis was applied to five RFSP families from Tunisia. In four of(More)
'Pure' autosomal dominant familial spastic paraplegia (SPG) is a neurodegenerative disease which clinically manifests as spasticity of the lower limbs. Dominantly inherited SPG is known to be clinically heterogenous and has been classified into late-onset and early-onset types, based on the age of onset of symptoms. We tested five autosomal dominant SPG(More)
LRRK2 (leucine-rich repeat protein kinase 2) is mutated in a significant number of Parkinson's disease patients. Since a common mutation that replaces Gly2019 with a serine residue enhances kinase catalytic activity, small-molecule LRRK2 inhibitors might have utility in treating Parkinson's disease. However, the effectiveness of inhibitors is difficult to(More)
Autosomal recessive Charcot-Marie-Tooth (CMT) disease (CMT4) is a complex group of severe childhood motor and sensory neuropathies, characterized by an early age of onset with rapidly progressive distal limb weakness and atrophy. One subgroup designated CMT4 type A (CMT4A) was selected from a series of Tunisian CMT4 families according to the following(More)
Schwartz-Jampel syndrome (SJS1) is a rare autosomal recessive disorder characterized by permanent myotonia (prolonged failure of muscle relaxation) and skeletal dysplasia, resulting in reduced stature, kyphoscoliosis, bowing of the diaphyses and irregular epiphyses. Electromyographic investigations reveal repetitive muscle discharges, which may originate(More)