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One of the hallmarks of Alzheimer's disease is the self-aggregation of the amyloid beta peptide (Abeta) in extracellular amyloid fibrils. Among the different forms of Abeta, the 42-residue fragment (Abeta1-42) readily self-associates and forms nucleation centers from where fibrils can quickly grow. The strong tendency of Abeta1-42 to aggregate is one of the(More)
The effect of temperature on the nanomechanical response of supported lipid bilayers has been studied by force spectroscopy with atomic force microscopy. We have experimentally proved that the force needed to puncture the lipid bilayer (Fy) is temperature dependent. The quantitative measurement of the evolution of Fy with temperature has been related to the(More)
The nanomechanical response of supported lipid bilayers has been studied by force spectroscopy with atomic force microscopy. We have experimentally proved that the amount of ions present in the measuring system has a strong effect on the force needed to puncture a 1,2-dimyristoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine bilayer with an atomic force microscope tip, thus(More)
Zeins are maize storages proteins that accumulate inside large vesicles called protein bodies. gamma-Zein lines the inner face of the protein body membrane, and its N-terminal proline-rich repetitive domain with the sequence (VHLPPP)(8) appears to be necessary for the accumulation of the protein within the organelle. Synthetic (VHLPPP)(8) adopts an(More)
The heat shock protein Hsp104 has been reported to possess the ability to modulate protein aggregation and toxicity and to "catalyze" the disaggregation and recovery of protein aggregates, including amyloid fibrils, in yeast, Escherichia coli, mammalian cell cultures, and animal models of Huntington's disease and Parkinson's disease. To provide mechanistic(More)
Cholesterol (Chol) plays the essential function of regulating the physical properties of the cell membrane by controlling the lipid organization and phase behavior and, thus, managing the membrane fluidity and its mechanical strength. Here, we explore the model system DPPC:Chol by means of temperature-controlled atomic force microscopy (AFM) imaging and(More)
Understanding the effect of mechanical stress on membranes is of primary importance in biophysics. Here we use force spectroscopy AFM to quantitatively characterize the nanomechanical stability of supported lipid bilayers as a function of their chemical composition. The onset of plastic deformation reveals itself as a repetitive jump in the approaching(More)
An important goal of nanotechnology is the application of individual molecule handling techniques to the discovery of potential new therapeutic agents. Of particular interest is the search for new inhibitors of metabolic routes exclusive of human pathogens, such as the 2-C-methyl-D-erythritol-4-phosphate (MEP) pathway essential for the viability of most(More)
Contact lenses (CLs) are of common use and the biocompatibility, topography and mechanical properties of the used materials are of major importance. The objective of this contribution is to apply the AFM in mode Peak Force to obtain surface topography and mechanical characteristics of un-worn CLs of different materials. One material of hydrogel, two of(More)
The mechanical properties of alkanethiol monolayers on Au(111) in KOH solution have been studied by force spectroscopy. The analysis of the vertical force versus penetration curves showed that monolayer penetration is a stepped process that combines elastic regions with sudden penetration events. The structural meaning of these events can be explained both(More)