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Recently, a somatic point mutation of the B-RAF gene (V600E) has been identified as the most common genetic event in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC), with a prevalence variable among different series. Since discordant data on the clinico-pathologic features of B-RAF mutated PTC are present in the literature, the aim of the present co-operative study was(More)
This study investigated whether alterations in bone mineral content (BMC) and/or in the phosphate-calcium metabolism exist in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM); whether they are linked to glycaemic control and whether antidiabetic therapy--oral agents or insulin--influences BMC and mineral metabolism. A cross-section assessment compared BMC(More)
To evaluate the roles of counterregulatory hormones and insulin antibodies in the impairment of plasma glucose recovery from hypoglycemia in diabetes mellitus, and to assess the relationship between the glucagon response and duration of the disease, 21 insulin-dependent diabetic patients and 10 nondiabetic subjects were studied. The diabetics consisted of 5(More)
Neuroendocrine tumors may occur in the setting of multiple endocrine neoplasia type 1 (MEN1) syndrome. Among these, a probably underestimated prevalence of well differentiated neuroendocrine thymic carcinoma (carcinoid), a neoplasm characterized by very aggressive behavior, has been described. We report characterization of the seven Italian cases in which(More)
Activating mutations of BRAF have been identified in a variety of human cancers, most notably melanomas and papillary thyroid carcinomas (PTCs). The aim of the present study was to disclose the role of BRAF mutations in thyroid carcinoma development. Seventy-two thyroid tumors, including 60 PTCs, six follicular adenomas, five follicular carcinomas, and one(More)
At the beginning, the survival of humans was strictly related to their physical capacity. There was the need to resist predators and to provide food and water for life. Achieving these goals required a prompt and efficient energy system capable of sustaining either high intensity or maintaining prolonged physical activity. Energy for skeletal muscle(More)
To establish the glycemic threshold for onset of neuroglycopenia (impaired cognitive function, measured by the latency of the P300 wave), activation of hormonal counterregulation and hypoglycemic symptoms, 12 normal subjects were studied either under conditions of insulin-induced, glucose-controlled plasma glucose decrements, or during maintenance of(More)
X-Linked adrenoleukodystrophy (ALD) is a genetic disease associated with demyelination of the central nervous system, adrenal insufficiency, and accumulation of very long chain fatty acids in tissue and body fluids. ALD is due to mutation of a gene located in Xq28 that encodes a peroxisomal transporter protein of unknown function. The most common phenotype(More)
To establish the antihyperglycemic mechanisms of metformin in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) independently of the long-term, aspecific effects of removal of glucotoxicity, 21 NIDDM subjects (14 obese, 7 nonobese) were studied on two separate occasions, with an isoglycemic (plasma glucose approximately 9 mM) hyperinsulinemic (two-step(More)
OBJECTIVE To evaluate the accuracy of a new subcutaneous glucose sensor (Glucoday; A. Menarini Diagnostics) compared with venous blood glucose measurement in type 1 and type 2 diabetic patients. RESEARCH DESIGN A multicenter study was performed in 70 diabetic patients. A microdialysis fiber was inserted subcutaneously into the periumbelical region and(More)