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BACKGROUND Pelvic recurrent rectal cancer is still a challenging clinical problem, and patients generally have a dismal prognosis and a poor quality of life. Surgical resection represents the only potentially curative treatment; neoadjuvant treatments are presently being taken into consideration to increase the resectability rate and to improve long-term(More)
We investigated risk factors and prognostic implications of symptomatic anastomotic leakage after anterior resection for rectal cancer, and the influence of a diverting stoma. Our retrospective review of prospective collected data analyzed 475 patients who underwent anterior resection for rectal cancer. Uni- and multivariate analysis was made between(More)
BACKGROUND The role of surgery for gastric linitis plastica (GLP) is questioned. This study aimed to analyze our experience in the surgical treatment of GLP with specific reference to the resectability rate, prognosis, and mode of recurrence. METHODS Results of surgery were analyzed in 102 patients with GLP. RESULTS Of the 102 patients, 92 underwent(More)
Sarcopenia is one of the most striking effects of age, the causes and the pathogenic mechanisms being largely unknown. Unfortunately, there is limited information on the effect of aging on muscle protein breakdown in basal conditions. The present study aimed at investigating if skeletal muscle ubiquitn mRNA levels and proteasome activities vary with age in(More)
The influence of cancer on skeletal muscle calpain expression and activity in humans is poorly understood. We tested the hypothesis that calpain activity is increased in skeletal muscle from gastric cancer patients with no or <5% weight loss. Muscle biopsies were obtained from rectus abdominis muscle in 15 patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer(More)
Evaluation of prognostic factors of adenocarcinoma of Vater's ampulla is still a matter of debate. The aim of this study was to evaluate retrospectively factors that influence early and long-term outcomes in a 20-year single-institution experience on ampullary carcinoma. A total of 94 consecutive patients with ampullary carcinoma or adenoma with severe(More)
BACKGROUND The presence of lymph node metastasis is one of the most important prognostic factors in patients with gastric carcinoma. Node-negative patients have a better outcome, nevertheless a subgroup of them experience disease recurrence. AIM To analyze the clinicopathological characteristics of lymph node-negative advanced gastric carcinoma patients(More)
OBJECTIVE & AIMS The present study aimed at retrospectively evaluating the incidence of mortality and major and minor postoperative complications in patients who underwent surgery for gastric cancer between 2000 and 2006 stratified according to the preoperative percentage weight loss, serum albumin levels and body mass index (BMI). METHODS One hundred and(More)
IMPORTANCE The role of multivisceral resection, in the setting of locally advanced gastric cancer, is still debated. Previous studies have reported a higher risk for perioperative morbidity and mortality, with limited objective benefit in terms of survival. Conversely, recent studies have shown the feasibility of enlarged resections and the potential(More)
BACKGROUND This study was to assess the influence of perioperative blood transfusions on the prognosis of patients undergoing a potentially curative resection for gastric cancer and to investigate the interaction between transfusions and splenectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS Between January 1990 and December 2005, 927 patients from 6 Italian tertiary(More)