Fausto A. Varela

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In the present study, we examined whether exposing rats to a high-dose regimen of manganese chloride (Mn) during the postnatal period would depress presynaptic dopamine functioning and alter nonassociative and associative behaviors. To this end, rats were given oral supplements of Mn (750 microg/day) on postnatal days (PD) 1-21. On PD 90, dopamine(More)
Aripiprazole is a second-generation antipsychotic that is increasingly being prescribed to children and adolescents. Despite this trend, little preclinical research has been done on the neural and behavioral actions of aripiprazole during early development. In the present study, young male and female Sprague-Dawley rats were pretreated with vehicle,(More)
The irreversible receptor antagonist N-ethoxycarbonyl-2-ethoxy-1,2-dihydroquinoline (EEDQ) has been used to study the ontogeny of dopamine (DA) receptor functioning in young and adult rats. Most notably, systemic administration of EEDQ blocks the DA agonist-induced behaviors of adult rats, while leaving the behavior of preweanling rats unaffected. The(More)
The purpose of the present study was to determine whether repeated treatment with the D2 partial agonist aripiprazole or the D2 antagonist haloperidol alters dopamine (DA) synthesis characteristics in the dorsal striatum of young rats. To this end, rats received a daily pretreatment regimen of aripiprazole or haloperidol on postnatal days (PD) 10–20 and(More)
Dopaminergic compounds often affect the unlearned behaviors of preweanling and adult rats differently, although the brain regions underlying these age-dependent behavioral effects have not been specified. A candidate brain region is the dorsal caudate-putamen (CPu); thus, a goal of the present study was to determine whether D1 and D2 receptors in the dorsal(More)
Postnatal manganese chloride (Mn) exposure causes persistent changes in presynaptic dopamine (DA) functioning (e.g., Mn reduces DA transporter levels and DA uptake), but evidence that Mn affects postsynaptic DA receptors and their associated second messenger systems is equivocal. Therefore, a goal of the present study was to determine whether exposing rats(More)
Cancer progression is accompanied by increased levels of extracellular proteases that are capable of remodeling the extracellular matrix, as well as cleaving and activating growth factors and receptors that are involved in pro-cancerous signaling pathways. Several members of the type II transmembrane serine protease (TTSP) family have been shown to play(More)
Carcinogenesis is accompanied by increased protein and activity levels of extracellular cell-surface proteases that are capable of modifying the tumor microenvironment by directly cleaving the extracellular matrix, as well as activating growth factors and proinflammatory mediators involved in proliferation and invasion of cancer cells, and recruitment of(More)
Matriptase is an epithelia-specific membrane-anchored serine protease that has received considerable attention in recent years because of its consistent dysregulation in human epithelial tumours, including breast cancer. Mice with reduced levels of matriptase display a significant delay in oncogene-induced mammary tumour formation and blunted tumour growth.(More)
TMPRSS13 is a member of the type II transmembrane serine protease (TTSP) family. Although various TTSPs have been characterized in detail biochemically and functionally, the basic properties of TMPRSS13 remain unclear. Here, we investigate the activation, inhibition, post-translational modification, and localization of TMPRSS13. We show that TMPRSS13 is a(More)