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Epidemiological factors related to the introduction, spread and maintenance of Rift Valley fever (RVF) virus were studied during the 1977-78 epizootic in Egypt, Culex pipiens is the most ubiquitous and prevalent mosquito species in the Nile Valley and Delta. Isolation of RVF virus from unengorged C. pipiens, and demonstration of laboratory transmission of(More)
Attempts were made to isolate virus from wild caught mosquitoes during the 1977 and 1978 Rift Valley fever (RVF) epizootics in Egypt. Over 95% of the 55,126 mosquitoes collected from epizootic areas in the Nile Delta and Valley were Culex pipiens. Two strains of RVF virus were isolated from unengorged female C. pipiens taken in 1978. Laboratory-reared C.(More)
Babesia bovis and Babesia bigemina are distributed all over the world; the etiologic agents of the animal babesiosis are considered the most important tick-borne disease. The present research work was the first attempt to determine the prevalence of B. bovis and B. bigemina infection in ticks, in Egypt, by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Questing(More)
The formation and uptake of the yolk protein in the oocyte of the Asian Tiger, Aedes albopictus mosquito was investigated. Light and electron microscopy of the ovaries at early resting stage as well as the structural changes associated with yolk formation were described 16 h after blood meal. The deposition of the yolk protein in the oocyte was correlated(More)
Christopher's stages of ovarian development are redefined in Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus to provide a more useful description of mosquito physiology. During this ovarian development, seven growing stages of the oocyte are observed in the adult stage. Two distinct periods of egg follicle growth, the previtellogenesis and vitellogenesis, are seen first.(More)
Since Culex pipiens quinquefasciatus is the main vector of lymphatic filariasis in tropics and subtropics, the identification and quantification of this mosquito is an important task. Scanning electron microscopy reveals that morphological changes during larval development as the number of comb scale varies greatly and their complexity increases from first(More)
The prevalence of Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato (s.l.), the etiologic agent of Lyme borrelosis (LB), was determined for the first time in Egypt by using polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Questing 5243 hard and soft ticks were collected from animal farms throughout Giza Governorate. DNA from 500 individual tick species was extracted and PCR was performed.(More)
The elimination strategy for lymphatic filariasis aims at reducing blood microfilaraemia to levels at which vector transmission cannot be sustained. We aimed to determine whether patients with pre-treatment low or ultra-low microfilaria (MF) counts could be a reservoir of infection after mass drug administration (MDA) with a combined regimen.(More)
The bean skink lizard Mabuya quinquetaeniata quinquetaeniata (Family: Scincidae) collected from Abu-Rawash, Giza was infected with the protozoon Hepatozoon gracilis. The mean percent of infection rate all over the year was 12.57% with the highest peak was in October (33%), meanwhile the lowest infection rate was detected in June (2.1%) and no infection was(More)