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PURPOSE The role of water in the transmission of infectious diseases is well defined; it may act as a reservoir of different types of pathogens. Enteric viruses can survive and persist for a long time in water, maintaining infectivity in many instances. This suggests the need to include virus detection in the evaluation of the microbiological quality of(More)
The performance of a submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) has been investigated for abattoir wastewater (AW) treatment. The chemical oxygen demand (COD) of permeate has not exceeded 25 mg L(-1) providing an average COD removal of 98%. Microbiological analysis showed that the SMBR has allowed a complete removal of fecal coliforms, Listeria and Salmonella. A(More)
Hepatitis C virus genotype 4 (HCV-4) is very common in central Africa, prevalent in the Middle East, and is becoming increasingly frequent among southern Europeans. We have determined the complete nucleotide sequences of HCV-4f strains and investigated their phylogenetic relationships with other genotypes. We amplified the complete genome of two HCV subtype(More)
The emergence and increased prevalence of antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) in the environment may pose a serious global health concern. This study evaluates the abundance of several ARGs in bacterial and bacteriophage DNA via real-time qPCR in samples from five different sampling points in Tunisia; three wastewater treatment plants (WWTP 1, 2 and 3) and(More)
AIMS We aimed at quantifying bacteriophages in raw and treated wastewaters of human and animal origin in Tunisia to assess their usefulness for tracking the origin of faecal pollution and in the follow-up of effectiveness of water treatments process. METHODS AND RESULTS The concentrations of bacteriophages in wastewater samples were determined by double(More)
Human enteric viruses constitute a public health concern due to their low infectious dose and their resistance to environmental factors and to inactivation processes. We aimed at assessing the performance of a laboratory scale Submerged membrane bioreactor (SMBR) treating abattoir wastewaters for Rotavirus (RV) and total coliphages removal. We also aimed at(More)
In order to study the incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in Tunisian haemodialysis patients and detect its nosocomial transmission, 395 patients were enrolled in a prospective study (November 2001-2003). HCV serological and virological status was determined initially using, respectively a third generation ELISA and an RT-PCR qualitative assay.(More)
The aim of this study was to compare two viral extraction methods for the detection of naturally occurring Enteroviruses in raw sludge. The first method (M1) is based on an ultracentrifugation step. In the second one (M2), viral RNA was extracted directly after viral elution from suspended solids. Genomes of enteroviruses were quantified by a quantitative(More)
Listeria monocytogenesis a Gram positive facultative intracellular bacterium that can be responsible for severe infections, affecting essentially pregnant women, immunocompromised patients at the early and later stages of life. In Tunisia, invasive L. monocytogenes infections are thought to be exceptional and limited data are available about listeriosis. We(More)
This study was conducted to isolate phages in treated sewage collected from wastewater treatment plant, and explore their morphological diversity by transmission electron microscopy (TEM). Fates of total bacteriophages and their reduction by biological treatment were also assayed. Phages were isolated using the plaque assay then negatively stained and(More)