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Totally 32 cerebrospinal fluid samples from Multiple sclerosis (MS) patients were collected. DNA was extracted by High Pure PCR Template Preparation Kit. Two genomic segments, outer membrane protein genes ompA and omp9, were targeted for the detection of C. pneumoniae DNA in the samples by PCR tests. To detect ompA, a nested-PCR assay was designed, whereas(More)
Brachypodium distachyon (brachypodium) is a small grass with the biological and genomic attributes necessary to serve as a model system for all grasses including small grains and grasses being developed as energy crops (e.g., switchgrass and Miscanthus). To add natural variation to the toolkit available to plant biologists using brachypodium as a model(More)
The synthesis of 2,3,5-substituted perhydropyrrolo[3,4-d]isoxazole-4,6-diones (44 compounds) has been accomplished by the cycloaddition reaction of N-methyl-C-arylnitrones with N-substituted maleimides. The compounds were screened for their antibacterial activities and most of them exhibited activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Salmonella spp. resistant to second- and third-generation cephalosporins and related antibiotics by production of various extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are on the rise in Turkey. Early detection of ESBL producing Salmonella is important to institute appropriate treatment in time. In this study rapid detection of ESBL(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to demonstrate the prevalence of the newly discovered carbapenem-hydrolysing class D enzymes, OXA-51-type and OXA-58, among clinical isolates of Acinetobacter spp. METHODS A total of 72 isolates from six centres were studied. Isolates were screened by PCR with specific primers for bla(OXA-51-type) and bla(OXA-58). PCR(More)
An intensive care unit (ICU)-based OXA-23-producing multiple-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) outbreak was detected between October 2005 and October 2006. A total of 47 patients were infected/colonized with the outbreak strain. Clinical data were available from 37 patients. The all-cause mortality rate among the patients exposed to the(More)
This paper presents the use of probabilistic neural networks (PNNs) for detection of resistivity for antibiotics (resistant and sensitive). The PNN is trained on the resistivity or sensitivity to the antibiotics of each record in the Salmonella database. Estimation of the whole parameter space for the PNN was performed by the maximum-likelihood (ML)(More)
The effects of imipenem and meropenem on the transcriptional expression of resistance-related genes oprD, oprM and oprN in Pseudomonas aeruginosa were studied by quantitative real-time PCR. Four strains were examined: the type strain PT5 (PAO1), its derivatives M7 and PT149, and a clinical isolate, PaKT3. The derivative M7 is a nalB mutant, overexpressing(More)
Invasive candidiasis, defined as candidemia and disseminated candidiasis, is the most common fungal infection in hospitalized patients. In the current study, we used Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy as a rapid, non-perturbing technique to investigate the effects of disseminated candidiasis on mouse liver tissues at the molecular level. The(More)
BACKGROUND We compared imipenem, meropenem and cefoperazone-sulbactam against hospital originated A. baumannii strains in terms of bactericidal efficacy and selection of resistant mutants during treatment in a rat thigh abscess model. METHODS A total of 18 strains were inoculated in 54 animals (one strain for three animals). Randomly selected 10 among(More)