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Brachypodium distachyon (brachypodium) is a small grass with the biological and genomic attributes necessary to serve as a model system for all grasses including small grains and grasses being developed as energy crops (e.g., switchgrass and Miscanthus). To add natural variation to the toolkit available to plant biologists using brachypodium as a model(More)
OBJECTIVES This study was designed to demonstrate the prevalence of the newly discovered carbapenem-hydrolysing class D enzymes, OXA-51-type and OXA-58, among clinical isolates of Acinetobacter spp. METHODS A total of 72 isolates from six centres were studied. Isolates were screened by PCR with specific primers for bla(OXA-51-type) and bla(OXA-58). PCR(More)
An intensive care unit (ICU)-based OXA-23-producing multiple-drug resistant Acinetobacter baumannii (MDRAB) outbreak was detected between October 2005 and October 2006. A total of 47 patients were infected/colonized with the outbreak strain. Clinical data were available from 37 patients. The all-cause mortality rate among the patients exposed to the(More)
We studied the beta-lactamases of an E. aerogenes isolate recovered from the blood of a two-year-old patient. The isolate demonstrated a disk-diffusion phenotype typical for an AmpC-ESBL co-producer. Microbiology studies were performed according to standard protocols. The resistance gene was identified by transconjugation and cloning experiments. By(More)
The rate of in vitro resistance to various antimicrobials in 179 consecutive isolates of Salmonella spp., which included serogroups D (109), B (52), C1 (10) and C2 (8) isolated from children, was investigated. Production of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) was studied in ampicillin-resistant isolates. Antimicrobial susceptibilities were determined by(More)
This paper presents the use of probabilistic neural networks (PNNs) for detection of resistivity for antibiotics (resistant and sensitive). The PNN is trained on the resistivity or sensitivity to the antibiotics of each record in the Salmonella database. Estimation of the whole parameter space for the PNN was performed by the maximum-likelihood (ML)(More)
The synthesis of 2,3,5-substituted perhydropyrrolo[3,4-d]isoxazole-4,6-diones (44 compounds) has been accomplished by the cycloaddition reaction of N-methyl-C-arylnitrones with N-substituted maleimides. The compounds were screened for their antibacterial activities and most of them exhibited activity against Enterococcus faecalis (ATCC 29212) and(More)
The effects of imipenem and meropenem on the transcriptional expression of resistance-related genes oprD, oprM and oprN in Pseudomonas aeruginosa were studied by quantitative real-time PCR. Four strains were examined: the type strain PT5 (PAO1), its derivatives M7 and PT149, and a clinical isolate, PaKT3. The derivative M7 is a nalB mutant, overexpressing(More)
Invasive candidiasis, defined as candidemia and disseminated candidiasis, is the most common fungal infection in hospitalized patients. In the current study, we used Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) spectroscopy as a rapid, non-perturbing technique to investigate the effects of disseminated candidiasis on mouse liver tissues at the molecular level. The(More)
BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVES Salmonella spp. resistant to second- and third-generation cephalosporins and related antibiotics by production of various extended-spectrum beta-lactamases (ESBLs) are on the rise in Turkey. Early detection of ESBL producing Salmonella is important to institute appropriate treatment in time. In this study rapid detection of ESBL(More)