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Urinary tract malformations, obstructive uropathy, and hypoplasia/dysplasia are extremely important in terms of pediatric health care costs, with end-stage renal failure in children estimated to cost >$15 billion annually in the United States alone. Even so, little is known regarding the mechanisms that control these processes. Identified was a unique(More)
The aim of this study was to examine prolactin (PRL) regulation of preproenkephalin and proopiomelanocortin (POMC) gene expression in the hypothalamus during lactation. In the first experiment, lactating rats were deprived of pups for 3, 6, 12, or 24 h. Preproenkephalin mRNA levels were decreased in the arcuate nucleus (ARC) to 60 or 53% of suckled levels(More)
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