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Prosomes [or proteasomes, Multi-Catalytic Proteinase (MCP)] are multisubunit protein complexes, found from archaebacteria to man, the structure of which (a 4-layer cylinder) is remarkably conserved. They were first observed as subcomplexes of untranslated mRNP, and then as a multicatalytic proteinase with several proteolytic activities. A number of(More)
Monoclonal antibodies demonstrated high conservation during evolution of a prosomal protein of M(r) 27,000 and differentiation--specific expression of the epitope. More than 90% of the reacting antigen was found as a p27K protein in the free messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) fraction but another protein of M(r) 38,000, which shared protease fingerprint(More)
Proteasomes (multi-protease complexes) are composed of approximately 15 non-identical subunits of similar sizes (molecular weight = 21-32 kDa), but different charges (isoelectric point = 4-9). Previously, we deduced the primary structures of 6 subunits of rat proteasomes by recombinant DNA techniques. In this paper we report the nucleotide sequences of 4(More)
Screening of a lambda gt11 cDNA expression library of the HeLa cell genome with a monoclonal antibody that specifically recognizes prosomal 30-33-kDa proteins, allowed isolation of a 1264-nucleotide (nt) recombinant cDNA containing a 327-nt untranslated 5'-end. The amino acid (aa) sequence deduced from this cDNA revealed a protein of 269 aa (M(r) of 30,227)(More)
In duck erythroblasts, two major populations of untranslated messenger (m) RNP can be separated by sucrose gradient centrifugation in low ionic strength. One of these contains globin mRNA associated to protein factors, among them the prosomes. The other, sedimenting in the 35S zone, contains non-globin mRNA. From this '35S' mRNP, a new RNP particle called(More)
Prosomes are ribonucleoprotein particles constituted by a variable set of about 20 proteins found associated with untranslated mRNA. In addition, they contain a small RNA, the presence of which has been an issue of controversy for a long time. The intact particles have a multicatalytic proteinase (MCP) activity and are very stable; we have never observed(More)
Prosomes were first observed in the EM as raspberryshaped subcomplexes of translationally repressed free mRNP (1), and extensively characterized in biochemical terms in Hela cells and avian erythroblasts (2,3). The individual particle (650.000 MW, 12 nm diameter) is composed of a variable set of about 20 proteins (85 % of mass) and 1-2 small RNA (15 %).(More)
Monoclonal antibodies demonstrated high conservation during evolution of a prosomal protein of Mr 27 000 and differentiation - specific expression of the epitope. More than 90% of the reacting antigen was found as a p27K protein in the free messenger ribonucleoprotein (mRNP) fraction but another protein of Mr 38000, which shared protease fingerprint(More)
Prosomes were first described as being mRNA-associated RNP (ribonucleoprotein) particles and subcomponents of repressed mRNPs (messenger ribonucleoprotein). We show here that prosomes isolated from translationally inactive mRNP have a protease activity identical to that described by others for the multicatalytic proteinase complex (MCP, 'proteasome'). By(More)