Fatima Zouhiri

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Styrylquinoline derivatives (SQ) efficiently inhibit the 3'-processing activity of integrase (IN) with IC50 values of between 0.5 and 5 microM. We studied the mechanism of action of these compounds in vitro. First, we used steady-state fluorescence anisotropy to assay the effects of the SQ derivatives on the formation of IN-viral DNA complexes independently(More)
Our prior studies showed that polyhydroxylated styrylquinolines are potent HIV-1 integrase (IN) inhibitors that block the replication of HIV-1 in cell culture at nontoxic concentrations. To explore the mechanism of action of these inhibitors, various novel styrylquinoline derivatives were synthesized and tested against HIV-1 IN and in cell-based assays.(More)
Styrylquinoline derivatives, known to be potent inhibitors of HIV-1 integrase, have been experimentally tested for their inhibitory effect on the disintegration reaction catalyzed by catalytic cores of HIV-1 and Rous sarcoma virus (RSV) integrases. A modified docking protocol, consisting of coupling a grid search method with full energy minimization, has(More)
This study reports the design of a novel theragnostic nanomedicine which combines (i) the ability to target a prodrug of gemcitabine to an experimental solid tumor under the influence of a magnetic field with (ii) the imaging of the targeted tumoral nodule. This concept is based on the inclusion of magnetite nanocrystals into nanoparticles (NPs) constructed(More)
The replication of the retrovirus human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is linked to the development of lymphoid malignancies and inflammatory diseases. Data from in vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo studies have revealed that no specific treatment can prevent or block HTLV-1 replication and therefore that there is no therapy for the prevention and/or(More)
We have previously shown that styrylquinolines (SQLs) are integrase inhibitors in vitro. They compete with the long terminal repeat substrate for integrase. Here, we describe the cellular mode of action of these molecules. We show that SQLs do not interfere with virus entry. In fact, concentrations of up to 20 times the 50% inhibitory concentration did not(More)
Using the Kohonen neural network, the electrostatic potentials on the molecular surfaces of 14 styrylquinoline derivatives were drawn as comparative two-dimensional maps and compared with their known human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 replication blocking potency in cells. A feature of the potential map was discovered to be related with the HIV-1 blocking(More)
8-Hydroxy-2-[2-(3-hydroxy-4-methoxyphenyl)ethenyl]-7-quinoline carboxylic acid and 8-hydroxy-2-[2-(3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl)ethenyl]-7-quinoline carboxylic acid inhibit the processing and strand transfer reactions catalyzed by HIV-1 integrase with an IC50 of 2 microM. Some of their spectral properties are briefly reported. Their fluorescence is so weak(More)
HIV-1 is the aetiological agent of AIDS. Present treatment of AIDS uses a combination therapy with reverse transcriptase and protease inhibitors. Recently, the integrase (IN), the third enzyme of HIV-1 which is necessary for the integration process of proviral DNA into the host genome, has reached as a legitimate new drug target. Several families of(More)
We report the conjugation of the natural lipid squalene (SQ) with a small interfering RNA (siRNA), against the junction oncogene RET/PTC1, usually found in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). The acyclic isoprenoid chain of squalene has been covalently coupled with siRNA RET/PTC1 at the 3'-terminus of the sense strand via maleimide-sulfhydryl chemistry.(More)