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The AP-1 transcription factor is composed of a mixture of homo- and hetero-dimers formed between Jun and Fos proteins. The different Jun and Fos family members vary significantly in their relative abundance and their interactions with additional proteins generating a complex network of transcriptional regulators. Thus, the functional activity of AP-1 in any(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) are implicated in the pathophysiology of various diseases, including cancer. In this study, we show that JunD, a member of the AP-1 family of transcription factors, reduces tumor angiogenesis by limiting Ras-mediated production of ROS. Using junD-deficient cells, we demonstrate that JunD regulates genes involved in antioxidant(More)
AP-1 family transcription factors have been implicated in the control of proliferation, apoptosis and malignant transformation. However, their role in oncogenesis is unclear and no recurrent alterations of AP-1 activities have been described in human cancers. Here, we show that constitutively activated AP-1 with robust c-Jun and JunB overexpression is found(More)
Reactive oxygen species (ROS) have long been considered only as cyto- and genotoxic. However, there is now compelling evidence that ROS also act as second messengers in response to various stimuli, such as growth factors, hormones and cytokines. The hypoxia-inducible transcription factor (HIF) is a master regulator of oxygen-sensitive gene expression. More(More)
BACKGROUND Life-threatening cardiac arrhythmia is a major source of mortality worldwide. Besides rare inherited monogenic diseases such as long-QT or Brugada syndromes, which reflect abnormalities in ion fluxes across cardiac ion channels as a final common pathway, arrhythmias are most frequently acquired and associated with heart disease. The(More)
Compelling evidence show that reactive oxygen species (ROS) levels are finely regulated in the cell and can act as "second messengers" in response to diverse stimuli. In tumor epithelial cells, ROS accumulate abnormally and induce signaling cascades that mediate the oncogenic phenotype. In addition to their impact on tumor epithelial cells, ROS also affect(More)
Jun is a major component of the heterodimeric transcription factor AP-1 and is essential for embryonic development, as foetuses that lack Jun die at mid-gestation. Ubiquitous mosaic inactivation of a conditional Jun allele by cre/LoxP-mediated recombination was used to screen for novel functions of Jun and revealed that its absence results in severe(More)
JunD regulates genes involved in antioxidant defence. We took advantage of the chronic oxidative stress resulting from junD deletion to examine the role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in tumour development. In a model of mammary carcinogenesis, junD inactivation increased tumour incidence and revealed an associated reactive stroma. junD-inactivation in(More)
The bZip transcription factor Mafb is expressed in two segments of the developing vertebrate hindbrain: the rhombomeres 5 and 6. Loss of Mafb expression in the mouse mutant kreisler leads to elimination of r5 and to alterations of r6 regional identity. Here, we further investigated the role of Mafb in hindbrain patterning using gain-of-function experiments(More)
JunD, a transcription factor of the AP-1 family, protects cells against oxidative stress. Here, we show that junD(-/-) mice exhibit features of premature aging and shortened life span. They also display persistent hypoglycemia due to enhanced insulin secretion. Consequently, the insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathways are constitutively stimulated, leading to(More)