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1. The present study was designed to assess the effect of the tetradecapeptide somatostatin on the GABA(A) receptor complex in the rat hypothalamus. 2. GABA(A) receptors were labelled with [35S]-tert-butylbicyclophosphorothionate (TBPS), which binds in or near the chloride channel, and binding as assessed by in vitro quantitative autoradiography using a(More)
This study was conducted to investigate somatostatin modulation of GABAA receptor binding in several rat brainstem structures, located principally in the mesencephalon, after exposure to acute immobilization stress (single 1-hour session). Animals were randomly assigned to either control or stress conditions and changes in specific binding of the GABAA(More)
Quantitative autoradiography analysis of neurotensin (NT) and somatostatin (SS) binding sites was performed on coronal sections of the medulla oblongata from 2 fetuses, 6 controls and 7 victims of Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS). Throughout the first postnatal year, mean SS binding site density was similar in controls and SIDS in all structures of the(More)
Immunohistochemical study of catecholamine synthesizing enzymes tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) and phenylethanolamine-N-methyl transferase (PNMT) was performed in lower brain stem of 5 controls and 9 sudden infant death "syndrome" (SIDS) cases. No difference was noticed in TH immunoreactive neuronal groups. With anti-PNMT antibody, electively in nucleus(More)
The distribution of somatostatin-immunoreactive structures in the infant brainstem was investigated using the peroxidase-antiperoxidase technique. A wide distribution of somatostatin-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers was observed throughout the brainstem. Numerous somatostatin-immunoreactive cell bodies and fibers were present in several areas of the(More)
The dorsal vagal complex (DVC) is the brainstem integrative center that mediates the satiety reflex and relays autonomic neural responses to stress. The DVC displays adult neurogenesis, intrinsic neural stem cells and a high brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) content, effectors of plasticity that are modulated by stress in the hippocampus. In this(More)
Somatostatin (SS)-containing neurons were mapped in the normal infant hypothalamus with immunohistochemistry, using the peroxidase anti-peroxidase technique. Neurons displaying SS immunoreactivity show a widespread distribution throughout the hypothalamic region. Principal SS-immunoreactive like (SS-IL) perikarya are located in the paraventricular,(More)
We studied the long term effects of a single exposure to immobilization stress (IS) (1 h) on the expression of anorexigenic (Pro-opiomelanocortin: POMC and cocaine amphetamine related transcript: CART) and orexigenic (neuropeptide Y:NPY, Agouti related peptide: AgRP) factors in hypothalamus and dorso vagal complex (DVC). We showed, by using RT-PCR that in(More)
The aim of the present investigation was to determine a detailed mapping of neurotensin (NT) in the human hypothalamus, the brain region involved in neuroendocrine control. For this, we investigated the presence and the distribution of neurotensin binding sites in the human hypothalamus, using an in vitro quantitative autoradiography technique and the(More)
The immunohistochemical distribution of TH and PNMT containing neuronal elements was investigated utilizing peroxidase anti-peroxidase methods in newborn control and sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS) brainstems. The TH immunoreactive neurons, within the medulla oblongata, displayed a similar distribution in both control and SIDS tissue. However, PNMT(More)