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OBJECTIVE Recent studies have reported that antioxidant status, including serum selenium concentrations, is altered in women who develop preeclampsia. We wished to examine the effects of selenium supplementation in the prevention of preeclampsia in high-risk pregnant women. DESIGN We carried out a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled pilot trial.(More)
Objective. Using a novel assay termed prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) assay to determine prooxidant-antioxidant balance in umbilical cord blood of infants with meconium stained of amniotic fluid (MSAF). Passage of meconium in amniotic fluid is associated with increase of neonatal mortality and morbidity. This complication occurs in about 15% of infants(More)
OBJECTIVE We assessed the impact of selenium, a trace element with antioxidant properties on a simple measure of oxidative stress in pregnant women. STUDY DESIGN A novel assay of prooxidant-antioxidant balance (PAB) was applied in a double-blind, placebo-controlled study of selenium supplementation in pregnancy. We measured the prooxidant burden and the(More)
The aim was to determine if selenium supplementation during pregnancy reduces the occurrence of premature (pre-labour) rupture of membranes (PROM). A total of 166 primigravid pregnant women in the first trimester of pregnancy, were randomised to receive 100 microg of selenium (n = 83, drop-outs = 22) or a placebo (n = 83, drop-outs = 19) per day until(More)
OBJECTIVE Postpartum depression is a common complication of childbirth, and its prevention is an important public-health issue because of its negative effects on mother, infant, and family. The present randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial was conducted to examine the effect of prenatal selenium supplementation on the postpartum depression(More)
BACKGROUND Preeclampsia is the most common serious disorder during pregnancy and studies show several immune-related processes in its pathophysiology. The role of cytokines and their expression remains controversial in this field. One of the cytokines of interest in recent studies has been TNF-α, which has been shown to have a higher level in maternal(More)
Postpartum hemorrhage is an important cause of maternal morbidity and mortality after delivery. Active management of postpartum hemorrhage by an uterotonic drug decreases the rate of postpartum hemorrhage. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of rectal misoprostol for prevention of postpartum hemorrhage. This double blind randomized clinical(More)
BACKGROUND Preeclampsia is one of the common complications during pregnancy with considerable maternal and fetal mortality and morbidity. Hypercoagulability due to thrombophilic factors is discussed as the etiology involved in this disease. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study was to evaluate selected thrombotic factors among pregnant women with preeclampsia(More)
Premature rupture of the membranes (PROM) occurs in about 8-10% of pregnancies and its most important complication is chorioamnionitis, so labour induction has an important role in this situation. This study was performed to compare oxytocin and sublingual Misoprostol for labour induction in PROM cases with term pregnancy. A total of 270 pregnant women who(More)
OBJECTIVE Nuchal translucency (NT) thickness is one of the major screening markers during the first trimester that could be influenced by several factors. Here, we investigated the association between NT thickness and thyroid related hormones. METHODS NT thickness was measured with transabdominal ultrasound in 643 pregnant women between 11 and 13 weeks of(More)