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INTRODUCTION Motor skills play an important role during life span, and older adults need to learn or relearn these skills. The purpose of this study was to investigate how aging affects induction of improved movement performance by motor training. METHODS Serial Reaction Time Test (SRTT) was used to assess movement performance during 8 blocks of motor(More)
The purpose of study was to compare the effect of primary motor cortex (M1) and cerebellar anodal transcranial direct current stimulation (a-tDCS) on online and offline motor learning in healthy individuals. Fifty-nine healthy volunteers were randomly divided into three groups (n=20 in two experimental groups and n=19 in sham-control group). One(More)
INTRODUCTION Inflammatory myofibroblastic tumor (IMT) is a rare benign tumor. Usually seen in children and adolescents, this inflammatory tumor can affect all the organs. PRESENTATION OF CASE In this case, a five-year-old child experienced the sudden onset of symptoms and the enlargement of abdominal mass 20 days before referral. The patient did not have(More)
OBJECTIVE The purposes of this study were to investigate the prevalence of and risk factors for low back pain (LBP) in teachers and to evaluate the association of individual and occupational characteristics with the prevalence of LBP. METHODS In this cross-sectional study, 586 asymptomatic teachers were randomly selected from 22 primary and high schools(More)
BACKGROUND Activity of deep abdominal muscles increases the lumbar stability. Majority of previous studies indicated abdominal muscle activity dysfunction during static activity in patients with low back pain (LBP). However, the number of studies that evaluated deep abdominal muscle activity in dynamic standing activities in patients is limited, while this(More)
This review compared knee muscle activity between ACL-deficient (ACLD) patients and healthy controls during gait, to find out whether the available electromyography (EMG) studies support Quadriceps (Q-ceps) inhibition or hamstring facilitation during gait in ACLD patients. A systematic review was conducted to retrieve the EMG studies of knee muscles during(More)
BACKGROUND Many studies have reported the increase in strength of the untrained contralateral limb after unilateral training. The aim of this study was to compare the cross education effect in the young and elderly persons. METHODS In this quasi-experimental and pre-post study, 12 young people aged 28.25 ±3.11 years and 12 elderly persons (aged 73.08 ±(More)
BACKGROUND Ultrasound (US) imaging can be used for the measurement of trunk muscle activity. The displacements of US transducer, especially during more dynamic situations, however, may disturb the measurement results. To control this variable, some studies have used transducer fixator (TF), but no study evaluated the effect of using TF on US reliability in(More)
Duodenal ulcer is an uncommon condition in children, that is why it is not usually considered as the differential diagnosis unless it presents with complications including perforation and haemorrhage. Moreover, duodenal ulcer perforation is an uncommon entity in paediatric age group. Early diagnosis and treatment is crucial in order to improve survival. A(More)
Pseudo-exstrophy of bladder is an uncommon condition characterized by the major musculoskeletal defects without urinary system defects. A two-day-old female neonate was presented with pseudo-exstrophy of the bladder and unilateral renal agenesis- A rare combination of two anomalies. She was born at 37 weeks gestational age with caesarean section delivery.(More)