Farzana Perwad

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Context: Vitamin D 1␣-hydroxylase deficiency, also known as vitamin D-dependent rickets type 1, is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by the early onset of rickets with hypocalcemia and is caused by mutations of the 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1␣-hydroxylase (1␣-hydroxylase, CYP27B1) gene. The human gene encoding the 1␣-hy-droxylase is 5 kb in length,(More)
1,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)(2)D) plays a critical role in calcium and phosphorus (Pi) metabolism, bone growth, and tissue differentiation. The synthesis of 1,25(OH)(2)D in the proximal renal tubule is the primary determinant of its circulating concentration and is mediated by the mitochondrial enzyme, 25-hydroxyvitamin D-1α-hydroxylase, CYP27B1).(More)
Fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF23) is a potent regulator of phosphate (Pi) and vitamin D homeostasis. The transcription factor, early growth response 1 (egr-1), is a biomarker for FGF23-induced activation of the ERK1/2 signaling pathway. We have shown that ERK1/2 signaling blockade suppresses renal egr-1 gene expression and prevents FGF23-induced(More)
The mitochondrial enzyme 25-hydroxyvitamin D 1α-hydroxylase, which is encoded by the CYP27B1 gene, converts 25OHD to the biological active form of vitamin D, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D). Renal 1α-hydroxylase activity is the principal determinant of the circulating 1,25(OH)2D concentration and enzyme activity is tightly regulated by several factors.(More)
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