Farzana Afridi

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Social Identity and Inequality: The Impact of China’s Hukou System We conduct an experimental study to investigate the causal impact of social identity on individuals’ response to economic incentives. We focus on China’s household registration (hukou) system which favors urban residents and discriminates against rural residents in resource allocation. Our(More)
A Natural Disaster as a Natural Experiment * Javier E. Baez Maxwell School of Citizenship and Public Affairs Syracuse University Indhira V. Santos Kennedy School of Government Harvard University April 2007 In October of 1998 Nicaragua was hit by Hurricane Mitch, one of the most powerful hurricanes of the Tropical Atlantic basin in the 20th century.(More)
We study the impact of India‟s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme (NREGS) on children‟s educational outcomes via women‟s labour force participation. Using data from the Young Lives Study and taking advantage of the spatial and temporal variation in the intensity of implementation of the NREGS, we find that greater participation of mothers in the(More)
Greater 'empowerment' of women in India, measured by their education and autonomy, is associated with a reduction in the extent to which their sons' educational attainment exceeds that of their daughters. Improving both father's and mother's education increases the educational attainment of daughters more than that of sons, but raising mother's education is(More)
We exploit the implementation of India’s National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme to identify exogenous shifts in mothers’ labor force participation and its impact on their children’s educational outcomes. Using child level panel data, we find that a mother’s participation in the labor force increases her children’s time spent in school and leads to(More)
In developing countries with weak institutions, there is implicitly a large reliance on elections to instil norms of accountability and reduce corruption. In this paper we show that electoral discipline may be ineffective in reducing corruption when political competition is too high or too low. We first build a simple game theoretic model to capture the(More)
This paper assesses the effect of a nationally mandated free school meal program in India on school enrollment and attendance using survey data. School panel data allow a difference-indifferences estimation strategy, comparing the difference in the participation rates before and after the introduction of the program between treatment and control schools.(More)
At the end of 2001, the Indian Supreme Court issued a directive ordering states to institute school lunches – known locally as “midday meals” – in government primary schools. This paper provides a large-scale assessment of the enrollment effects of India’s midday meal scheme, which offers warm lunches, free of cost, to 120 million primary school children(More)
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