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In this paper, an approach is proposed for fully automatic segmentation of MS lesions in fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. The proposed approach, based on a Bayesian classifier, utilizes the adaptive mixtures method (AMM) and Markov random field (MRF) model to obtain and upgrade the class conditional probability(More)
We used a robotic device to test the idea that impedance control involves a process of learning or adaptation that is acquired over time and permits the voluntary control of the pattern of stiffness at the hand. The tests were conducted in statics. Subjects were trained over the course of 3 successive days to resist the effects of one of three different(More)
It is very important to detect stages of multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions in order to exactly quantify involved voxels. In this paper, a novel method is proposed for automatic detection of different stages of MS lesions in the brain magnetic resonance (MR) images, in fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) studies. In the proposed method, firstly, MS(More)
It is known that humans can modify the impedance of the musculoskeletal periphery, but the extent of this modification is uncertain. Previous studies on impedance control under static conditions indicate a limited ability to modify impedance, whereas studies of impedance control during reaching in unstable environments suggest a greater range of impedance(More)
In a voluntary movement, the nervous system specifies not only the motor commands but also the gains associated with reaction to sensory feedback. For example, suppose that, during reaching, a perturbation tends to push the hand to the left. With practice, the brain not only learns to produce commands that predictively compensate for the perturbation but(More)
We used robot-generated perturbations applied during position-holding tasks to explore stability of induced unintentional movements in a multidimensional space of muscle activations. Healthy subjects held the handle of a robot against a constant bias force and were instructed not to interfere with hand movements produced by changes in the external force.(More)
In this research, we evaluated the inter-relation of tremor and rigidity in Parkinson's disease. We included the agonist and antagonist skeletal muscle models as well as the peripheral (spinal and long-loop reflexes) and central (basal ganglia and cortex) mechanisms and present a complete model. All of our simulation is developed in SIMULINK, MATLAB 7. Our(More)
Previous studies have shown that the nervous system can produce anticipatory adjustments that alter the mechanical behavior of the arm in order to resist environmental disturbances. In the present paper, we focus on the ability of subjects to transfer acquired stiffness patterns to other parts of the workspace and on the durability of stiffness adaptations.(More)
Science of human identification using physiological characteristics or biometry has been of great concern in security systems. However, robust multimodal identification systems based on audio-visual information has not been thoroughly investigated yet. Therefore, the aim of this work to propose a model-based feature extraction method which employs(More)
In this study, we focused on the gait of Parkinson's disease (PD) and presented a gray box model for it. We tried to present a model for basal ganglia structure in order to generate stride time interval signal in model output for healthy and PD states. Because of feedback role of dopamine neurotransmitter in basal ganglia, this part is modelled by " Elman(More)