Farsin Hamzei

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Perception of surface orientation is an essential step for the reconstruction of the three-dimensional (3D) structure of an object. Human lesion and functional neuroimaging studies have demonstrated the importance of the parietal lobe in this task. In primate single-unit studies, neurons in the caudal part of the intraparietal sulcus (CIP) were found to be(More)
We used two complementary methods to investigate cortical reorganization in chronic stroke patients during treatment with a defined motor rehabilitation program. BOLD ("blood oxygenation level dependent") sensitive functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and intracortical inhibition (ICI) and facilitation (ICF) measured with transcranial magnetic(More)
In the monkey the lateral bank of the anterior part of the intraparietal sulcus (area AIP), contains neurons that are involved in visually guided, object-related hand movements. It has also been shown that neurons in the caudal part of the intraparietal sulcus (area CIP) preferentially respond to 3D surface orientation. According to these results, it has(More)
In monkeys, areas in the intraparietal sulcus (IPS) play a crucial role in visuospatial information processing. Despite many human neuroimaging studies, the location of the human functional homologs of some IPS areas is still a matter of debate. The aim of the present functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) study was to identify the distinct locations(More)
Functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) was used to investigate how focal cortical inhibition affects the blood oxygen level-dependent (BOLD) signal. Phasic low force pinch grip reduces excitability of the ipsilateral primary motor cortex. This task was used to study BOLD signal changes during inhibition. Six right-handed normal volunteers participated(More)
BACKGROUND Mirror therapy (MT) is a promising therapeutic approach in stroke patients with severe hand paresis. OBJECTIVE The ipsilateral (contralesional) primary sensorimotor cortex (SMC) and the mirror neuron system have been suggested to play decisive roles in the MT network. The present study investigated its underlying neural plasticity. METHODS(More)
Functional MRI is based on the vascular response due to neuronal activation. The underlying mechanism of fMRI is the blood oxygenation level-dependent (BOLD) effect-a complex interplay between changes in the cerebral metabolisation rate of oxygen (CMRO2), neurovascular coupling, and the resulting hemodynamic response. An intact neurovascular coupling is(More)
The contralesional primary motor cortex (M1) has been suggested to be involved in the motor recovery after mirror therapy, but whether the ipsilesional M1 is influenced by the contralesional M1 via transcallosal interhemispheric inhibition (IHI) is still unclear. The present study investigated the change of IHI as well as the intracortical inhibition and(More)
Gray matter (GM) changes have been described after short learning tasks that lasted for 7 days or after external stimulation that lasted for 5 days. However, the early time course of training-dependent GM changes is still unknown. We investigated whether shorter motor training sessions (four times of 30 min training) would induce GM changes. Therefore,(More)
Primate studies have identified populations of neurons that are capable of action recognition. These "mirror neurons" show spiking activity both when the monkey executes or observes a grasping movement. These neurons are located in the ventral premotor cortex, possibly the homologue of "Broca's area" in human. This led to the speculation that action(More)