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Chondrocytes in articular cartilage are regularly subjected to compression and recovery due to dynamic loading of the joint. Previous studies have investigated the elastic and viscoelastic properties of chondrocytes using micropipette aspiration techniques, but in order to calculate cell properties, these studies have generally assumed that cells are(More)
Mechanical factors play an important role in the regulation of cell physiology. One pathway by which mechanical stress may influence gene expression is through a direct physical connection from the extracellular matrix across the plasma membrane and to the nucleus. However, little is known of the mechanical properties or deformation behavior of the nucleus.(More)
OBJECTIVE Articular chondrocytes respond to chemical and mechanical signals depending on their zone of origin with respect to distance from the tissue surface. However, little is known of the zonal variations in cellular mechanical properties in cartilage. The goal of this study was to determine the zonal variations in the elastic and viscoelastic(More)
The hip joint capsule functions to constrain translation between the femur and acetabulum while allowing rotational and planar movements. Despite the crucial role it plays in the pathogenesis of hip instability, little is known about its biomechanical properties. The goal of this study was to determine the regional material properties of the iliofemoral and(More)
It is well accepted that mechanical forces can modulate the metabolic activity of chondrocytes, although the specific mechanisms of mechanical signal transduction in articular cartilage are still unknown. One proposed pathway through which chondrocytes may perceive changes in their mechanical environment is directly through cellular deformation. An(More)
The mechanical environment of the chondrocyte is an important factor that influences the maintenance of the articular cartilage extracellular matrix. Previous studies have utilized theoretical models of chondrocytes within articular cartilage to predict the stress-strain and fluid flow environments around the cell, but little is currently known regarding(More)
A diverse array of environmental factors contributes to the overall control of stem cell activity. In particular, new data continue to mount on the influence of the extracellular matrix (ECM) on stem cell fate through physical interactions with cells, such as the control of cell geometry, ECM geometry/topography at the nanoscale, ECM mechanical properties,(More)
The deformation behavior and mechanical properties of articular chondrocytes are believed to play an important role in their response to mechanical loading of the extracellular matrix. This study utilized the micropipette aspiration test to measure the viscoelastic properties of chondrocytes isolated from macroscopically normal or end-stage osteoarthritic(More)
Changes in cell shape and volume are believed to play a role in the process of mechanical signal transduction by chondrocytes in articular cartilage. One proposed pathway through which chondrocyte deformation may be transduced to an intracellular signal is through cytoskeletally mediated deformation of intracellular organelles, and more specifically, of the(More)
In articular cartilage, chondrocytes are surrounded by a pericellular matrix (PCM), which together with the chondrocyte have been termed the "chondron." While the precise function of the PCM is not know there has been considerable speculation that it plays a role in regulating the biomechanical environment of the chondrocyte. In this study, we measured the(More)