Farshid Ghassemi

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While large, myelinated dorsal root ganglion (DRG) neurons are capable of firing at high frequencies, small unmyelinated DRG neurons typically display much lower maximum firing frequencies. However, the molecular basis for this difference has not been delineated. Because the sodium currents in large DRG neurons exhibit rapid repriming (recovery from(More)
Serotonin transporter (SERT) contains a single reactive external cysteine residue at position 109 (Chen, J. G., Liu-Chen, S., and Rudnick, G. (1997) Biochemistry 36, 1479-1486) and seven predicted cytoplasmic cysteines. A mutant of rat SERT (X8C) in which those eight cysteine residues were replaced by other amino acids retained approximately 32% of wild(More)
The detrimental effect of severe hypoxia (SH) on neurons can be mitigated by hypoxic preconditioning (HPC), but the molecular mechanisms involved remain unclear, and an understanding of these may provide novel solutions for hypoxic/ischemic disorders (e.g. stroke). Here, we show that the delta-opioid receptor (DOR), an oxygen-sensitive membrane protein,(More)
The skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor plays a crucial role in excitation-contraction (EC) coupling and is implicated in various congenital myopathies. The periodic paralyses are a heterogeneous, dominantly inherited group of conditions mainly associated with mutations in the SCN4A and the CACNA1S genes. The interaction between RyR1 and DHPR proteins(More)
Ryanodine receptors plays a crucial role in skeletal muscle excitation-contraction coupling by releasing calcium ions required for muscle contraction from the sarcoplasmic reticulum. At least three phenotypes associated with more than 100 RYR1 mutations have been identified; in order to elucidate possible pathophysiological mechanisms of RYR1 mutations(More)
The role of NO and cGMP signaling in tumor biology has been extensively studied during the past three decades. However, whether the pathway is beneficial or detrimental in cancer is still open to question. We suggest several reasons for this ambiguity: first, although NO participates in normal signaling (e.g., vasodilation and neurotransmission), NO is also(More)
Ambient oxygen concentration and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-A are vital in lung development. Since hypoxia stimulates VEGF-A production and hyperoxia reduces it, we hypothesized that VEGF-A down-regulation by exposure of airways to hyperoxia may result in abnormal lung development. An established model of in vitro rat lung development was(More)
Naohiro Yamaguchi,* Benjamin L. Prosser,* Farshid Ghassemi,* Le Xu, Daniel A. Pasek, Jerry P. Eu, Erick O. Hernández-Ochoa, Brian R. Cannon, Paul T. Wilder, Richard M. Lovering, David Weber, Werner Melzer, Martin F. Schneider, and Gerhard Meissner Department of Biochemistry and Biophysics, School of Medicine, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North(More)
Mammalian T7 polymerase-based cytoplasmic expression systems are common tool for molecular studies. The majority of these systems include the internal ribosome entry site (IRES) of the encephalomyocarditis virus (EMCV). To carry out a cap-independent translation process, this type of IRES might require the expression of an extensive array of host factors,(More)
In vitro, calmodulin (CaM) and S100A1 activate the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor ion channel (RyR1) at submicromolar Ca(2+) concentrations, whereas at micromolar Ca(2+) concentrations, CaM inhibits RyR1. One amino acid substitution (RyR1-L3625D) has previously been demonstrated to impair CaM binding and regulation of RyR1. Here we show that the(More)
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