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INTRODUCTION/PURPOSE The objectives of this study were to examine whether a static stretching (SS) routine decreased isometric force, muscle activation, and jump power while improving range of motion (ROM). Second, the study attempted to compare the duration of the dependent variable changes with the duration of the change in ROM. METHODS Twelve(More)
The superimposed twitch technique was used to study the effect of whole-body hypothermia on maximal voluntary activation of elbow flexors. Seven subjects [26.4 ± 4 years old (mean ± SD)] were exposed to 60 min of either immersion in 8°C water (hypothermia) or sitting in 22°C air (control). Voluntary activation was assessed during brief (3 s) maximal(More)
The purpose of this study was to determine if discrepancies exist between upright and inverted seated positions in isometric maximal voluntary contraction (MVC) elbow flexor force, MVC force produced in the first 100 ms (F100), MVC rate of force development, electromyographic (EMG) activity of the biceps and triceps as well as heart rate and blood pressure.(More)
Age-associated changes in neuromuscular function may be due to a loss of motor neurons as well as changes in their biophysical properties. Neuronal damage imposed by reactive oxygen species may contribute to age-related deficits in CNS function. Thus we hypothesized that aging would alter the functional properties of motoneurons and that caloric-restriction(More)
BACKGROUND 'Food addiction' shares a similar neurobiological and behavioral framework with substance addiction. However whether, and to what degree, 'food addiction' contributes to obesity in the general population is unknown. OBJECTIVES to assess 1) the prevalence of 'food addiction' in the Newfoundland population; 2) if clinical symptom counts of 'food(More)
BACKGROUND Magnesium plays a role in glucose and insulin homeostasis and evidence suggests that magnesium intake is associated with insulin resistance (IR). However, data is inconsistent and most studies have not adequately controlled for critical confounding factors. OBJECTIVE The study investigated the association between magnesium intake and IR in(More)
BACKGROUND Adiponectin is an adipose tissue derived hormone which strengthens insulin sensitivity. However, there is little data available regarding the influence of a positive energy challenge (PEC) on circulating adiponectin and the role of obesity status on this response. OBJECTIVE The purpose of this study was to investigate how circulating(More)
OBJECTIVE Ghrelin is a 28-amino acid orexigenic peptide synthesized mainly in the stomach. Acute administration of ghrelin has been found to decrease insulin secretion. However, little data is available regarding whether ghrelin contributes to the long-term regulation of insulin resistance at the population level. The aim of this study is to investigate the(More)
BACKGROUND Ghrelin, an orexigenic gut hormone secreted primarily from the stomach, is involved in energy homeostasis. However, little data is available regarding its response to energy surplus and the development of human obesity. OBJECTIVE The present study investigated the response of circulating acylated ghrelin to a 7-day positive energy challenge. (More)
The objective of our study was to resolve two issues pertaining to motoneuron (MN) spike frequency adaptation (SFA): 1) to develop an index of SFA that is sensitive to a wide range of adaptation patterns and would correlate well with MN excitability and 2) to determine whether SFA pattern is stimulus current dependent. Sprague-Dawley rats (250-350 g) were(More)