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The house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergen Der p 1 is the most immunodominant allergen involved in the expression of dust mite-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated hypersensitivity. The reason for this potent IgE-eliciting property of Der p 1 remains unknown, but there is mounting in vitro evidence linking the allergenicity of Der p 1 to(More)
BACKGROUND The proteolytic activity of the house dust mite allergen Der p 1 has recently been shown to bias Th cell subset development in favour of Th2. Apart from its direct effect on T cells, it is conceivable that the proteolytic activity of Der p 1 may induce the generation of dendritic cells (DCs) that favour a Th2 response. OBJECTIVE To study the(More)
Der p I, a cysteine protease representing a major allergen of the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, has recently been shown to cleave CD23 from the surface of cultured human B cells (RPMI 8866 B cell line). We have now undertaken a detailed investigation of CD23 cleavage by Der p I. We demonstrate that Der p I cleaves CD23 at two sites(More)
Recent reports have indicated that the cysteine protease activity of Der p 1 may play a significant role in its ability to elicit IgE antibody responses, mainly through cleavage of membrane CD23 on B cells and interleukin (IL)-4 synthesis and secretion from mast cells and basophils. Here we demonstrate for the first time that Der p 1 also cleaves the alpha(More)
BACKGROUND The cysteine protease Der p 1 from the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus is one of the most potent allergens known. An attractive mechanism for a component of Der p 1 allergenicity lies in its ability to cleave key regulatory molecules from leucocyte surfaces, subverting cellular function and driving abnormal immunoglobulin E (IgE)(More)
Allergic diseases are a global public health issue affecting millions of persons around the world. However, full understanding of the molecular basis of this group of chronic inflammatory disorders remains rather elusive. Recently, the role of carbohydrates on allergens and their counterstructures on antigen-presenting cells (lectins) have been highlighted(More)
Enzymatic activity in the fecal droppings from the house dust mite has been postulated to contribute to the elicited allergic response. Screening dust mite extracts through 137,180 tetrapeptide fluorogenic substrates allowed for the characterization of proteolytic substrate specificity from the potential cysteine and serine proteases in the extract. The(More)
Adapted hybrid prismatic-tetrahedral grid about a hemisphere. (b) Surface Mach contours on the symmetry plane for supersonic laminar ow (M 1 = 1:4, Re = 1000) 128]. 37 Figure 8. Comparison of various discretization methods for the circular advection problem 13]. (a) Grid used for the two-dimensional advection equation. (b) Piecewise-constant nite-volume(More)