Farouk Shakib

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The mannose receptor (MR) is a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells (DCs). We have investigated the ability of MR to recognize glycosylated allergens. Using a gene silencing strategy, we have specifically inhibited the expression of MR on human monocyte-derived DCs. We show that MR mediates internalization of diverse allergens from mite (Der p 1 and(More)
Allergens are initiators of both innate and adaptive immune responses. They are recognised at the site of entry by epithelial and dendritic cells (DCs), both of which activate innate inflammatory circuits that can collectively induce Th2 immune responses. In an attempt to have a better understanding of the role of carbohydrates in the recognition and uptake(More)
Enzymatic activity in the fecal droppings from the house dust mite has been postulated to contribute to the elicited allergic response. Screening dust mite extracts through 137,180 tetrapeptide fluorogenic substrates allowed for the characterization of proteolytic substrate specificity from the potential cysteine and serine proteases in the extract. The(More)
Recent reports have indicated that the cysteine protease activity of Der p 1 may play a significant role in its ability to elicit IgE antibody responses, mainly through cleavage of membrane CD23 on B cells and interleukin (IL)-4 synthesis and secretion from mast cells and basophils. Here we demonstrate for the first time that Der p 1 also cleaves the alpha(More)
Lung surfactant proteins (SP) A and D are calcium-dependent carbohydrate-binding proteins. In addition to playing multiple roles in innate immune defense such as bacterial aggregation and modulation of leukocyte function, SP-A and SP-D have also been implicated in the allergic response. They interact with a wide range of inhaled allergens, competing with(More)
The house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergen Der p 1 is the most immunodominant allergen involved in the expression of dust mite-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated hypersensitivity. The reason for this potent IgE-eliciting property of Der p 1 remains unknown, but there is mounting in vitro evidence linking the allergenicity of Der p 1 to(More)
BACKGROUND The proteolytic activity of the house dust mite allergen Der p 1 has recently been shown to bias Th cell subset development in favour of Th2. Apart from its direct effect on T cells, it is conceivable that the proteolytic activity of Der p 1 may induce the generation of dendritic cells (DCs) that favour a Th2 response. OBJECTIVE To study the(More)
The house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergen Der p 1 elicits IgE antibody responses in a significant proportion of patients suffering from dust mite allergy. We have recently shown that Der p 1 proteolytically cleaves a cell surface molecule involved in the homeostatic control of human IgE synthesis, namely the IL-2 receptor (CD25) on T(More)
Allergic diseases are a global public health issue affecting millions of persons around the world. However, full understanding of the molecular basis of this group of chronic inflammatory disorders remains rather elusive. Recently, the role of carbohydrates on allergens and their counterstructures on antigen-presenting cells (lectins) have been highlighted(More)
BACKGROUND More than 80% of individuals who are sensitive to the dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus produce immunoglobulin (Ig) E antibodies to Der p 1, the most significant domestic allergen. There is therefore considerable interest in elucidating the interaction between human IgE and Der p 1, as a basis for developing strategies for therapeutic(More)