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The house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus allergen Der p 1 is the most immunodominant allergen involved in the expression of dust mite-specific immunoglobulin (Ig)E-mediated hypersensitivity. The reason for this potent IgE-eliciting property of Der p 1 remains unknown, but there is mounting in vitro evidence linking the allergenicity of Der p 1 to(More)
Allergic diseases are a global public health issue affecting millions of persons around the world. However, full understanding of the molecular basis of this group of chronic inflammatory disorders remains rather elusive. Recently, the role of carbohydrates on allergens and their counterstructures on antigen-presenting cells (lectins) have been highlighted(More)
Adapted hybrid prismatic-tetrahedral grid about a hemisphere. (b) Surface Mach contours on the symmetry plane for supersonic laminar ow (M 1 = 1:4, Re = 1000) 128]. 37 Figure 8. Comparison of various discretization methods for the circular advection problem 13]. (a) Grid used for the two-dimensional advection equation. (b) Piecewise-constant nite-volume(More)
The mannose receptor (MR) is a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells (DCs). We have investigated the ability of MR to recognize glycosylated allergens. Using a gene silencing strategy, we have specifically inhibited the expression of MR on human monocyte-derived DCs. We show that MR mediates internalization of diverse allergens from mite (Der p 1 and(More)
Recent reports have indicated that the cysteine protease activity of Der p 1 may play a significant role in its ability to elicit IgE antibody responses, mainly through cleavage of membrane CD23 on B cells and interleukin (IL)-4 synthesis and secretion from mast cells and basophils. Here we demonstrate for the first time that Der p 1 also cleaves the alpha(More)
Der p I, a cysteine protease representing a major allergen of the house dust mite Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus, has recently been shown to cleave CD23 from the surface of cultured human B cells (RPMI 8866 B cell line). We have now undertaken a detailed investigation of CD23 cleavage by Der p I. We demonstrate that Der p I cleaves CD23 at two sites(More)
BACKGROUND Sampling the microenvironment at sites of microbial exposure by dendritic cells (DC) and their subsequent interaction with T cells in the paracortical area of lymph nodes are key events for initiating immune responses. Most of our knowledge of such events in human is based on in vitro studies performed in the absence of extracellular matrix (ECM)(More)
Dendritic cells are professional antigen-presenting cells that are specialized in antigen uptake and presentation. Allergy to cat has increased substantially in recent years and has been shown to be positively associated with asthma. We have recently shown that the mannose receptor (MR), a C-type lectin expressed by dendritic cells, recognizes various(More)