Farman Ali Khan

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Detecting the needs of the learner is a challenging task for systems addressing issues related to either adaptivity or personalization. In this paper we present a student-driven learning and assessment tool along with a tool for detecting/calculating learning styles and affective states. The learning and assessment tool enables learning, while the(More)
Skin detection is used in applications ranging from face detection, tracking of body parts, hand gesture analysis, to retrieval and blocking objectionable content. We present a systematic approach for robust skin segmentation using graph cuts. The skin segmentation process starts by exploiting the local skin information of detected faces. The detected faces(More)
Providing learners with personalized recommendations and/or adaptive courses that fit their characteristics and situation has high potential to make online and mobile learning easier and more effective for learners. However, most of the learning systems that are currently used by educational institutions do not provide adaptivity based on learners’(More)
Learning styles and affective states influence students’ learning. The purpose of this study is to develop a conceptual framework for identifying and integrating learning styles and affective states of a learner into web-based learning management systems and therefore provide learners with adaptive courses and additional individualized pedagogical guidance(More)
Skin detection is used in applications ranging from face detection, tracking body parts and hand gesture analysis, to retrieval and blocking of objectionable content. We investigate color based skin detection. We linearly merge different color space channels representing it as a fusion process. The aim of fusing different color space channels is to achieve(More)
Learning styles and affective states have a significant effect on student learning. The aim of this paper is to present a concept to identify and integrate learning styles and affective states of a learner into web-based learning management systems and therefore providing learners with adaptive courses and additional individualized pedagogical guidance that(More)
In a learning environment, the students experience different affective states. Learning environments that takes into account the students' affective state enhance the students' learning, gain and experience. Therefore, it is crucial to provide students with different learning material and activities according to different affective states. To provide(More)
Demand side management (DSM) will play a significant role in the future smart grid by managing loads in a smart way. DSM programs, realized via home energy management systems for smart cities, provide many benefits; consumers enjoy electricity price savings and utility operates at reduced peak demand. In this paper, evolutionary algorithms-based (binary(More)
In this article, a novel unordered classification rule list discovery algorithm is presented based on Ant Colony Optimization (ACO). The proposed classifier is compared empirically with two other ACO-based classification techniques on 26 data sets, selected from miscellaneous domains, based on several performance measures. As opposed to its ancestors, our(More)
Detecting students’ learning needs is a challenging task in a Web-based learning environment. In a traditional learning environment teachers can easily observe and consequently recognize a student’s learning needs. In web based learning environments where distance is a barrier, observing students’ learning needs and characteristics is very difficult.(More)