Faris P. Albayya

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Familial hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a clinically and genetically diverse autosomal dominant disorder characterized by ventricular hypertrophy and myocyte disarray in the absence of known hypertrophic stimuli. It has been linked to many cardiac contractile proteins, including four point mutations in alpha-tropomyosin (Tm). Here we use adenoviral-mediated(More)
Cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms are known to play a key role in defining the dynamic contractile behavior of the heart during development. It remains unclear, however, whether cardiac MHC isoforms influence other important features of cardiac contractility, including the Ca2+ sensitivity of isometric tension development. To address this question,(More)
Cardiac myosin heavy chain (MHC) isoforms are known to play a key role in defining the dynamic contractile behavior of the heart during development. It remains unclear, however, whether cardiac MHC isoforms influence other important features of cardiac contractility, including the Ca sensitivity of isometric tension development. To address this question,(More)
Abnormal relaxation of the heart, termed diastolic dysfunction, is a significant and growing problem that is a major cause of heart failure in the aged population. The potential of gene transfer of parvalbumin (Parv), a cytoplasmic calcium-binding protein, to improve diastolic function in the aged myocardium in vivo was evaluated. Despite evidence for an(More)
The goal of this study was to investigate isoform-specific functional domains of the inhibitory troponin subunit, troponin I (TnI), as it functions within the intact myofilaments of adult cardiac myocytes. Adenovirus-mediated gene transfer was used to deliver and express a TnI chimera composed of the amino terminus of cardiac TnI (cTnI) and the carboxy(More)
Nemaline myopathy (NM) is a rare autosomal dominant skeletal muscle myopathy characterized by severe muscle weakness and the subsequent appearance of nemaline rods within the muscle fibers. Recently, a missense mutation inTPM3, which encodes the slow skeletal alpha-tropomyosin (alphaTm), was linked to NM in a large kindred with an autosomal-dominant,(More)
The heightened Ca2+ sensitivity of force found with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM)-associated mutant cardiac troponin I (cTnIR145G; R146G in rodents) has been postulated to be an underlying cause of hypertrophic growth and premature sudden death in humans and in animal models of the disease. Expression of slow skeletal TnI (ssTnI), a TnI isoform(More)
Defective cardiac muscle relaxation plays a causal role in heart failure. Shown here is the new in vivo application of parvalbumin, a calcium-binding protein that facilitates ultrafast relaxation of specialized skeletal muscles. Parvalbumin is not naturally expressed in the heart. We show that parvalbumin gene transfer to the heart in vivo produces levels(More)
Diastolic dysfunction results from impaired ventricular relaxation and is an important component of human heart failure. Genetic modification of intracellular calcium-handling proteins may hold promise to redress diastolic dysfunction; however, it is unclear whether other important aspects of myocyte function would be compromised by this approach.(More)
A hallmark of Alzheimer’s disease is the presence of senile plaques in human brain primarily containing the amyloid peptides Aβ42 and Aβ40. Many drug discovery efforts have focused on decreasing the production of Aβ42 through γ-secretase inhibition. However, identification of γ-secretase inhibitors has also uncovered mechanism-based side effects. One(More)